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Finland - Facts and Information

Short Name: Finland

Long Name: Republic of Finland

Short Name (local): Suomi

Long Name (local): Suomen Tasavalta

Member of European Union: Yes, 1995

International Dialing Code: +358

Capital City: Helsinki

National Tourist Office: Visit Finland

Foreign Embassies in Finland: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.

Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.

Nationality: Noun - Finn(s), Adjective - Finnish

Government Type: Republic

Ethnic Groups: Finn 93%, Swede 6%, Sami 0.11%, Roma 0.12%, Tatar 0.02%

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 89%, Russian Orthodox 1%, none 9%, other 1%

Languages: Finnish 93.4% (official), Swedish 5.9% (official), small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities

Monetary Unit: 1 Euro = 100 cents

Area: 338,145 sq km slightly smaller than Montana

Climate: Cold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes

Population: 5,214,512 (July 2004 est.)

Sex Ratio: 0.96 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Median Age: 40.7 years, male 39.1 years, female 42.2 years (2004 est.)

Life Expectancy: 78.24 years, male 74.73 years, female 81.89 years (2004 est.)

Population Growth Rate: 0.18% (2004 est.)

Net Migration Rate: 0.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Unemployment Rate: 9% (2003 est.)

Gross National Income: US$27,020 (2003, World Bank)

Export Commodities: Machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals; timber, paper, pulp (1999)

Export Partners: Germany 11.8%, Sweden 9.9%, US 8.2%, UK 8%, Russia 7.5%, Netherlands 4.8% (2003 est.)

Import Commodities: Foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, transport equipment, iron and steel, machinery, textile yarn and fabrics, grains (1999)

Import Partners: Germany 16.2%, Sweden 14.1%, Russia 11.7%, Netherlands 6.3%, Denmark 5.7%, UK 5.3%, France 4.3% (2003 est.)

Natural Resources: Timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone

Public Television: Yleisradio Oy (YLE)

Public Radio: Yleisradio Oy (YLE)


Countries of Europe - Facts and Information
Albania | Andorra | Austria | Belarus | Belgium | Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia
Faroe Islands | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Greenland
Hungary | Iceland | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein | Lithuania
Luxembourg | Macedonia | Malta | Moldova | Monaco | Netherlands
Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | San Marino
Serbia & Montenegro | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden
Switzerland | Turkey | Ukraine | United Kingdom | Vatican City



Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.


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