Mrs. Beeton's Book of Needlework
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Beeton's Book of Needlework was originally published in Great Britain in 1870 by Ward, Lock and Tyler.
Link to free Download: http://www.bellaonline.com/subjects/3137.asp
The first section of the book is Tatting; pgs. i -iv, and 1 -82. The instructions include an illustration of a common post type shuttle and the rarely seen today, tatting pin on a chain and thumb ring. There are no illustrations of the hand positions.
Placing the thread around the hand to form a ring is called forming a loop.
Directions begin with what we consider today to be the second half stitch, followed by the first half stitch to complete a full double stitch.
Although the directions for the formation of a picot are the same as today, the picot itself is called a "purl" in this text. The use of the "purling pin" as a picot gauge to determine the size of the picots is included.
Here today's chain is called a straight or double thread which requires two shuttles. The text notes that the use of the chain makes it possible to join sections of the work, make beautiful patterns and even imitate point lace designs.
Among the many patterns is the "Pine Pattern Collar in Tatting." This is an often seen example of vintage tatting. There are many edgings, insertions, insertions with space for ribbon, tatted edgings also combined with crochet, tatting combined with needle lace and netting, tatted trefoils and beaded trefoils, mignonette style tatting. There are two small motifs for appliqué which include josephine rings (knots) (http://www.bellaonline.com/articles/art39203.asp) The directions for these two motifs, #18 and #19, should be replaced with modern tatting techniques and tatted without all the cutting of thread recounted there.
Pattern #8.--Rosette in Tatting,#1 is the earliest example that I have found so far of the "dimpled ring." (Let me know if you ever find an earlier example, please.)
Pattern #9.--Star in Tatting. Although it is included in the tatting section, the illustration makes the work look like crochet instead.
I would like to draw your attention to these four patterns:
22.--Border in Tatting and Crochet. This has a very unusual edging.
27.--Tatted Lace. This design creates dangling scallops with lots of picots.
32.--Tatting Insertion. A very unusual pattern in open spaces is formed by the joined picots here.
54.--Linen Collar trimmed with Tatting. This pleasing arrangement of chains as the outer edge is a tribute to the designs possible with a chain.
#1 This pattern may be found at: http://www.bellaonline.com/subjects/6778.asp