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Equatorial Guinea Country Facts

Official Name: Republic of Equatorial Guinea, República de Guinea Ecuatorial (Spanish), République de Guinée équatoriale (French), República da Guiné Equatorial (Portuguese)

Alternate Names: Equatorial Guinea

Former Names: Spanish Guinea

Capital City: MalaboEquatorial Guinea Flag

Flag: The flag of Equatorial Guinea has three equal horizontal bands of green (on the top), white, and red. It has a blue isosceles triangle with its base on the hoist side. The coat of arms is centered in the white band. The coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and the five islands) above a gray shield that has a silk-cotton tree. Below the tree is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice).

Date of Independence: October 12, 1968 from Spain

National Anthem: "Let Us Walk the Path of our Immense Happiness"

Population: 676,000

Equatorial Guinea MapSize/Area: 28,051 sq km - Slightly smaller than Maryland

Land Locked: No

Coastline: 296 km

Bordering Countries: Cameroon and Gabon

Administrative Divisions: Equatorial Guinea is divided into seven provinces: Annobón Province, Bioko Norte Province, Bioko Sur Province, Centro Sur Province, Kié-Ntem Province, Litoral Province, Wele-Nzas Province

Major Cities: Malabo

Languages: Spanish, French, Fang, Bubi

Religions: Roman Catholic, Christian, and pagan practices

Major Holidays: New Year's Day (Jan 1), Women's Day (Mar 8), Good Friday, Labour Day (May 1), Africa Day (May 25), President's Day (June 5), Corpus Christi (June 7), Armed Forces Day (Aug 3), Constitution Day (Aug 15), Independence Day (Oct 12), Christmas Day

Currency: Central African CFA franc

Currency Code: XAF

Highest Point: Pico Basile at 3,008 m

Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean at 0 feet

Bordering Bodies of Water: Atlantic Ocean

Climate: The climate is tropical with distinct wet and dry seasons. Rio Muni's dry season is from June to August with the wet season occuring from December to February. In Bioko, the wet and dry seasons are reversed.

Major Industries: Petroleum, natural gas, sawmilling

Major Agricultural Products: Coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava, bananas, palm oil nuts, livestock, and timber

Natural Resources: Petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand, gravel, clay

Time Zone: UTC +1


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