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Chad Country Facts

Official Name: Republic of Chad

Alternate Names: Chad

Former Names: French Equatorial AfricaChad Flag

Capital City: N'Djamena

Flag: The flag has three vertical bands - blue, yellow and red. The blue symbolizes the sky, hope, and water. The yellow represents the sun and the desert. The red represents progress, unity and sacrifice as well as the blood shed for independence.

Date of Independence: August 11, 1960 (from France)

National Anthem: "La Tchadienne" (The Chadian Hymn)

Population: 10,758,945

Size/Area: 496,000 square miles - slightly more than three times the size of California.

Land Locked: YesChad Map

Coastline: 0 miles

Bordering Countries: Libya, Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger

Administrative Divisions: Chad is divided into 22 regions. Those regions are: Batha, Chari-Baguirmi, Hadjer-Lamis, Wadi Fira, Bahr el Gazel, Borkou, Ennedi, Guéra, Kanem, Lac, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mandoul, Mayo-Kebbi Est, Mayo-Kebbi Ouest, Moyen-Chari, Ouaddaï, Salamat, Sila, Tandjilé, Tibesti, and N'Djamena.

Major Cities: N'Djamena, Moundou, Abeche, Sarh, Bongor, Faya.

Languages: French and Arabic (official). Sara (in the south). More than 120 indigenous Chadian languages and dialects.

Religions: Muslim, Roman Catholic, Protestant, animist, and atheist.

Major Holidays: New Year's Day (Jan 1), Easter Monday, Labour Day (May 1), Independence Day (Aug 11), All Saints Day (Nov 1), Republic Day (Nov 28), , Freedom and Democracy Day (Dec 1), Christmas Day (Dec 25), Prophet's Birthday, End of Ramadan, Feast of the Sacrifice

Currency: Central African CFA franc

Currency Code: (XAF)

Highest Point: Emi Koussi at 11,204 feet

Lowest Point: Djourab at 525 feet

Bordering Bodies of Water: Lake Chad

Climate: Southern Chad has a tropical climate while northern Chad is mainly desert.

Major Industries: oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials

Major Agricultural Products: cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca); cattle, sheep, goats, camels

Natural Resources: Petroleum, natron (sodium carbonate), kaolin, gold, bauxite, tin, tungsten, titanium, iron ore

Time Zone: WAT (UTC+1)


Tribes of Africa eBook


This eBook is the most complete listing of African tribes available on the internet. The first section of this book is the tribes sorted alphabetically by country. The second section is the tribes sorted alphabetically by tribe name.

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