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HTML Elements and Attributes that Control the Table on the Webpage

Below is a list of the most commonly used*** html element tags that control a table on the webpage.

Note: Some attributes listed below have been depreciated in favor of Cascading Style Sheets.

Creates and Controls A Table
ElementOpening TagAttributesClosing TagDescription
table<table>border="x or %"
bordercolor="color"
cellpadding="x"
cellspacing="x"
width="x or %"
align="?"
vspace="x"
hspace="x"
</table>Creates the outside walls of an HTML table

border -
The border attribute can be set in pixels or percentage. A value of zero will make the table walls invisible in the browser

bordercolor - sets the color of the border**
cellpadding - padding within cells set to pixels
cellspacing - padding between cells set to pixels
width - set in pixels or percentage
align - position of table on webpage (left, center or right)
vspace - pixels surrounding sides of table
hspace - pixels surrounding table top & bottom
tbody<tbody> OptionalDefines the body of a HTML table
td<td>bgcolor="color"
align="position"
valign="position"
background="url"
width="x or %"
height="x"
colspan="#"
rowspan="#"
nowrap
OptionalCreates the walls for the table cells

bgcolor - background color for cell**
align - contents to the left, right, center or justify
valign - aligns contents - top, middle or bottom
background - sets background image
width - sets width of cell in pixels or percentage
height - sets height of cell in pixels
colspan - number of columns to span
rowspan - number of rows to span
nowrap - prevents wrap within cell
tfoot<tfoot> OptionalDefines the footer of a HTML table
th<th> OptionalDefines the header cell in a HTML table
thead<thead> OptionalDefinds the head of a HTML table
tr<tr>bgcolor="color"
align="position"
OptionalCreates walls for the rows in an HTML table

bgcolor - sets background color for row**
align - aligns cells to the left, right or center
***A complete list of html element tags can be found at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) website.
http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/index/elements.html
**Color can be set using color names (red, black, etc) or RGB color codes or hexidecimal color codes.




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