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Culinary herbs for your English Garden

Mingling herbs with vegetables and flowers is the traditional way to create an English cottage garden. However, you might also plant a few herbs near the kitchen door so you have the convenience of quickly cutting them while you’re cooking.

Try these traditional herbs for an English garden. Most like a sunny spot unless otherwise noted.

Basil – Ocimum basilicum is an annual that gets up to 18 inches tall. Wonderful for salads and sauces.

Bay – Laurus nobilis – Evergreen shrub which can get over 20 feet tall unless pruned. Hardy to Zone 7. Add dried leaves to soups, stews, beans.

Borage –Borago officinalis is a hardy annual that gets a foot tall. Deep blue flowers are a lovely garnish for salads and drinks.

Chives – Allium schoenprasum is an onion-flavored perennial that grows to a foot tall. Add the leaves to soups, salads and omelets; the flowers add a nice touch to salads and also dry well for arrangements. Garlic Chives (Allium tuberosum), as you might expect, have a garlic flavor.

Dill Anethum graveolens is an annual that reaches 2 feet and adds an anise flavor to salads, fish, and pickling.

Fennel – Foeniculum vulgare is a perennial that will add height to your garden, and a licorice flavor to your soups, salads and fish. Flowers dry well.

Lemon balm Melissa officinalis is perennial and gets to 3 feet tall and is lovely in tea cakes, sauces, tea or lemonade. It’s in the Mint family, so it will get invasive – cut off the seed heads before they dry.

Lovage Levisticum officinale is a hardy perennial that can grow to 3 feet. Use seeds for bread or salads, leaves for soups and casseroles.

Mints Mentha species are hardy perennials growing up to 3 foot and can be very invasive. Grow in a container, or cut the seed heads before they dry and fall.

Oregano Origanum species is a hardy perennial that grows up to a foot. Add to tomato sauces and soups.

Parsley Petroselinum crispum is a hardy biennial so it will only last two years. Add to all kinds of dishes and use as a breath freshener.

Rosemary – Rosarinus occicinalis is a hardy (to Zone 6) evergreen perennial that can grow into a small bush 3 to 5 feet. Use for meats, and to flavored butter, oil and vinegar.

Sage – Salvia officinalis gets to 2 feet tall. Use in stuffings, sausage, and pork. Try the leaves battered and fried.

Sweet Woodruff Galium odoratum or Asperula odorata can be used as a ground cover in the shade. It’s traditionally used to make wine or tea.

Thyme the thymus species is a low growing evergreen shrub that can be used in a wide variety of foods.

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Content copyright © 2013 by Carol Chernega. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Carol Chernega. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Carol Chernega for details.



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