Long Name: Republic of Bulgaria
Member of European Union: No, candidate country
International Dialing Code: +359
Capital City: Sofia
National Tourist Office: Destination Bulgaria
Foreign Embassies in Bulgaria: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.
Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.
Nationality: Noun - Bulgarian(s), Adjective - Bulgarian
Government Type: Parliamentary democracy
Ethnic Groups: Bulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (2001)
Religions: Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, Roman Catholic 1.7%, Jewish 0.1%, Protestant, Gregorian-Armenian, and other 3.4% (1998)
Languages: Bulgarian, secondary languages closely correspond to ethnic breakdown
Monetary Unit: 1 lev = 100 stotinki
Area: 110,910 sq km - slightly larger than Tennessee
Climate: Temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
Population: 7,517,973 (July 2004 est.)
Sex Ratio: 0.93 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Median Age: 40.5 years, male 38.4 years, female 42.4 years (2004 est.)
Life Expectancy: 71.75 years, male 68.14 years, female 75.59 years (2004 est.)
Population Growth Rate: -0.92% (2004 est.)
Net Migration Rate: -4.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Population Below Poverty Line: 13.4% (2002 est.)
Unemployment Rate: 14.3% (2003)
Gross National Income: US$2,130 (2003, World Bank)
Export Commodities: Clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels
Export Partners: Italy 14.6%, Germany 11.7%, Turkey 9.2%, US 5.8%, Greece 5.7%, Belgium 5.4%, France 5.1% (2003 est.)
Import Commodities: fuels, minerals, and raw materials; machinery and equipment; metals and ores; chemicals and plastics; food, textiles
Import Partners: Germany 14.4%, Russia 12.6%, Italy 10.3%, Greece 6.7%, Turkey 6.2%, France 5.7% (2003 est.)
Natural Resources: Bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land
Public Television: BNT (Bulgarian National Television)
Public Radio: BNR (Bulgarian National Radio)
Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.