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This Week in History / July 1 - 7

July 1
1903 The first Tour de France bicycle race begins
1904 The 3rd modern Olympic games opens in St. Louis
1916 Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market
1916 Pres. Dwight Eisenhower marries Mary 'Mamie' Geneva Doud in Denver, CO
1919 The 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
1924 The Light Brigade forms
1929 The U.S. Immigration law of 1924 in effect
1929 U.S. cartoonist Elzie Segar creates "Popeye"
1934 The first x-ray photo of the entire body in Rochester, NY
1950 New York City bus fare rises to 10 cents equal to subway fare
1957 International Geophysical Year begins (until Dec 31, 1958)
1966 Explorer 33 launched
1966 Medicare goes into effect
1969 John & Yoko are hospitalized after a car crash
1971 The Golden Gate Bridge is paid for
1971 The State of Washington becomes 1st state to ban sex discrimination
1982 Cal Ripken's 1st game
1993 One second is added to the clock

July 2
1901 Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner Montana
1937 Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean
1955 The "Lawrence Welk Show" premieres on ABC
1964 President Johnson signs Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act into law
1976 The Supreme Court rules death penalty not inherently cruel or unusual
1979 The Susan B. Anthony dollar is issued; first U.S. coin to honor a woman
1994 Thirty-seven die in U.S. Air DC-9 crash in NC

July 3
1915 U.S. military forces occupy Haiti, remain until 1934
1916 The first of three fatal shark attacks occurred near NJ shore (4 die)
1930 The Veterans Administration is created
1944 The Oriole Park (minor league baseball stadium) burns down in Baltimore
1952 Puerto Rico's constitution approved by US Congress
1966 Race riots in Omaha, NE
1978 The Supreme Court rules FCC had a right to reprimand NY radio station WBAI for broadcasting George Carlin's "Filthy Words"
1983 Calvin Smith of US becomes fastest man alive (9.93 for 100m)
1984 The Supreme Court rules Jaycees may be forced to admit women as members
1986 Pres. Reagan presided over relighting of renovated Statue of Liberty
1989 Supreme Court rules states do not have to provide funds for abortions

July 4
1776 - Declaration of Independence-US gains independence from Britain
1914 First U.S. motorcycle race of 300 miles in Dodge City, KS
1931 The first fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
1933 Work begins on Oakland Bay Bridge
1944 1,100 U.S. guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy
1946 The Philippines gains independence from U.S.
1956 The Independence National Historical Park forms in Philadelphia
1960 Mickey Mantle is 18th to hit 300 HRs
1982 The fourth Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 4 lands at Edwards AFB
1996 Hot Mail, a free Internet e-mail service, begins

July 5
1935 Franklin D. Roosevelt signs National Labor Relations Act
1937 Marks Joe DiMaggio's 1st grand slammer
1944 Harry Crosby takes 1st rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight
1946 Louis Reard's bikini swimsuit design debuts at Paris fashion show
1951 Dr. William Shockley invents junction transistor (Murray Hill, NJ)
1966 The National Guard mobilizes in Omaha after 3rd night of rioting
1971 The 26th amendment is certified (reduces voting age to 18)
1982 The Challenger flies to Kennedy Space Center via Ellington AFB, Texas
1983 A woman gives birth to baby 84 days after brain death (Roanoke, VA)
1984 The Supreme Court weakens 70-year-old "exclusionary rule"-evidence seized with defective court warrants can now be used in criminal trials
1986 Nancy Reagan cuts red, white & blue ribbon; reopens Statue of Liberty
1994 The U.S. changes refugee policy by sending Haitian boat people back

July 6
1908 Robert Peary's expedition sails from NYC for north pole
1912 The 5th Olympic games are held in Stockholm
1928 The first all-talking motion picture shown in NY (Lights of NY)
1932 The 1st class postage is back up to 3 cents from 2 cents
1942 Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in After House, Amsterdam
1944 170 people die in a fire at Ringling Bros Circus in Hartford, CT
1945 President Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
1957 Beatle John Lennon first meets Paul McCartney
1957 The Harry S. Truman Library forms in Independence, MI
1958 Alaska becomes 49th state
1970 California passes the first "no fault" divorce law
1983 The Supreme Court rules retirement plans can't pay women less
1993 John F. Kennedy Jr., gives notice of quitting as ADA in Manhattan

July 7
1923 The University of Delaware invents "junior year abroad" (at Sorbonne)
1930 Construction begins on Boulder (Hoover) Dam
1946 Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini canonized as first American saint
1948 Six female reservists become 1st women sworn into the regular U.S. Navy
1958 President Eisenhower signed a bill approving Alaskan statehood
1961 James R. Hoffa elected chairman of Teamsters
1972 Susan Lynn Roley & Joanne E. Pierce sworn into FBI; first women
1980 The first solar-powered aircraft crosses English Channel
1981 Sandra Day O'Connor nominated for the Supreme Court

The Everyday Book of History and Chronology

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