Evil has a name, and it is...?
A cornerstone of the horror literature movement, evil has existed in numerous forms throughout horror’s history. Certainly, this is not limited to the written page; cinema, art, and religion, to name a few, all have their own taboos and individualized depictions of evil.
Wordreference.com defines “evil,” in noun form, as follows:
1. Morally objective behavior;
2. the quality of being morally wrong in principle and practice;
3. that which causes harm or destruction or misfortune.
For a differing perspective, The Catholic Encyclopedia states that:
"Evil, in a large sense, may be described as the sum of the opposition, which experience shows to exist in the universe, to the desires and needs of individuals; whence arises, among humans beings at least, the sufferings in which life abounds."
Discussing this elusive term is difficult, since defining “evil” once again lies with individual perspective. What is morally wrong to me might not be so to you. Criminals are often considered evil by society at large, yet one ponders as to what the criminal mind deems “evil.” Does an identified criminal have a different view of or perspective on evil? How does this discussion fit into the scope of horror literature?
The task of the horror writer is convincing the reader to share her or his concept of what “evil” might be. This can be tricky for both reader and writer; the “evil” that antagonized the heroine in one story might be the redemption of the child-hero in another. A general agreement on evil is that it is often repulsive and traumatic to the person or character who interacts with or beholds it. Ultimately, this concept of evil goes back to a basic question that has been raised and will continue to be addressed on this horror literature site: what terrifies you?
Other intriguing questions: what truly is the root of evil? Is there a singular source? If so, what do we do to eradicate it, and is it even possible or wise to attempt to do so?
“Evil.” The Catholic Encyclopedia.