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Tip - Spanish adjectives - Gender agreement

As we already know, Spanish adjectives must agree in gender and number with the noun they qualify.

Example:
"El libro blanco" (The white book)
Where "blanco" (white) is the adjective. It is a masculine adjective, as it gives a description for the noun "libro" (book), which is masculine.

Other examples:
"La casa pequeña" (The small house)
"El coche pequeño" (The small car)

But what about if there are two or more nouns and one adjective qualifying all them?

  • If all those nouns are masculine, the adjective will take its masculine form:

    "Esos coches y autobuses son rápidos" (Those cars and buses are fast)

    In this case, the nouns are "coches" and "autobuses", both masculine, so the adjective (rápidos) will also be masculine.

  • If all the nouns are feminine, the adjective will take its feminine form:

    "Las cajas y bolsas vacías" (The empty boxes and bags)

    Here, the femenine nouns "cajas" and "bolsas" are defined by the feminine form of the adjective.

  • Finally, what happens when the adjective qualifies both, masculine and feminine nouns at the same time? In this case, the adjective will always take its masculine form:

    "Los viejos armarios y sillas" (The old wardrobes and chairs)

    The Spanish noun "armario" is masculine, and the noun "silla" is femenine, so, in this case, we have to use a masculine adjective.



Recommended material:

Watch my video Learn how to pronounce Spanish vowels. It is free!

Watch my video Learn how to pronounce Spanish vowels. It is free!
Puerta del Sol - Audio Magazine
Angeles' Blog "Spanish Word of the Day"

ThinkSpanish
Online Magazine

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