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Romania - Facts and Information

Name: Romania

Member of European Union: No, candidate country

International Dialing Code: +40

Capital City: Bucharest

National Tourist Office: Romania Travel and Tourism

Foreign Embassies in Romania: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.

Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.

Nationality: Noun - Romanian(s), Adjective - Romanian

Government Type: Republic

Ethnic Groups: Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002)

Religions: Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 87%, Protestant 6.8%, Catholic 5.6%, other (mostly Muslim) 0.4%, unaffiliated 0.2% (2002)

Languages: Romanian (official), Hungarian, German

Monetary Unit: 1 leu = 100 bani

Area: 237,500 sq km slightly smaller than Oregon

Climate: Temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms

Population: 22,355,551 (July 2004 est.)

Sex Ratio: 0.95 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Median Age: 36.1 years, male 34.7 years, female 37.5 years (2004 est.)

Life Expectancy: 71.12 years, male 67.63 years, female: 74.82 years (2004 est.)

Population Growth Rate: -0.11% (2004 est.)

Net Migration Rate: -0.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line: 44.5% (2000)

Unemployment Rate: 7.2% (2003)

Gross National Income: US$2,310 (2003, World Bank)

Export Commodities: textiles and footwear, metals and metal products, machinery and equipment, minerals and fuels, chemicals, agricultural products

Export Partners: Italy 23.5%, Germany 15.5%, France 7.3%, UK 6.2%, Austria 4.4%, Turkey 4.3%, US 4.1% (2003 est.)

Import Commodities: machinery and equipment, fuels and minerals, chemicals, textile and products, basic metals, agricultural products

Import Partners: Italy 19.8%, Germany 17.5%, France 7.5%, Russia 7.1%, Austria 5.2% (2003 est.)

Natural Resources: Petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower

Public Television: TVR

Public Radio: Radio Romania


Countries of Europe - Facts and Information
Albania | Andorra | Austria | Belarus | Belgium | Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia
Faroe Islands | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Greenland
Hungary | Iceland | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein | Lithuania
Luxembourg | Macedonia | Malta | Moldova | Monaco | Netherlands
Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | San Marino
Serbia & Montenegro | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden
Switzerland | Turkey | Ukraine | United Kingdom | Vatican City



Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.


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