logo
g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
Money
News & Politics
Relationships
Religion & Spirituality
Sports
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

dailyclick
Bored? Games!
Nutrition
Postcards
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

new
European Travel
Action Movies
Bible Basics
Houseplants
Romance Movies
Creativity
Family Travel


dailyclick
All times in EST

Low Carb: 8:00 PM

Full Schedule
g
g Attention Deficit Disorder Site

BellaOnline's Attention Deficit Disorder Editor

g

Effects of Stimulants on Growth for Kids with ADD


Prescribing medications for Attention Deficit Disorder has been called both an art and a science, since the type of medication and dosage both need to be carefully chosen by the prescribing physician. This is often based on trial and error. Until recently, the ways that stimulant medications work on the brains of people with ADD/ADHD were poorly understood. This lack of understanding and of precision in prescribing were two things that parents needed to consider before allowing pharmacological interventions. When parents are weighing the positive and negative impacts of using stimulant medication to subdue the negative symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder, one consideration is also the effects that it could have on a child's growth. A study released in Pediatrics during 2014 examines this question.

Some background information about stimulant medications is helpful. When parents must consider the facts about stimulant medication, one thing that bothers many parents is that the way that stimulants improve attention and behavior has been poorly understood. Recent research done at Children's Hospital in Cincinnati showed that a child's genetic code plays a part in whether a stimulant medication will work to ameliorate the negative symptoms of ADD. In particular, the effect on dopamine was studied.

Dopamine helps in the regulation of information flow throughout the brain. It is a crucial factor in attention, and its lack in the frontal lobes is believed to be a partial causal factor in Attention Deficit Disorder. Methylphenidate (brand name Ritalin) has been shown to improve dopamine reception if a child lacks the DAT 10-repeat variant. This would be the reason a child would respond to methylphenidate with increased brain activation in the frontal lobes. One way that methylphenidate could improve frontal lobe functioning is due to the blocking action of the methylphenidate, which blocks both norepinephrine and dopamine transporters.

In addition to concerns about how stimulants work on brain chemistry, parents have long been worried about how children grow when they are taking stimulant medications. Many children find that the stimulant medications suppress their desire for food. The study that was published in Pediatrics compared adults who had taken medication as children with two other adults who were matched with them according to gender and age. They found that there was no significant deficit in final height in the adults who had taken medication. However, these people did have about a six-month delay in their peak growth spurt.

When considering stimulant medication for a child, many factors need to be weighed. However, it's good to know that long-term growth does not seem to be affected by stimulant medication that improves the frontal lobe functioning of children with Attention Deficit Disorder.

Resources:

Anna Smith, Ana Cubillo, Nadia Barrett, Vincent Giampietro, Andrew Simmons, Mick Brammer, Katya Rubia. Neurofunctional Effects of Methylphenidate and Atomoxetine in Boys with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder During Time Discrimination. Biological Psychiatry, 2013; 74 (8): 615 DOI:10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.03.030

Elsevier. "How Do ADHD Medications Work?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 October 2013. .

"More Evidence That ADHD Drugs Don't Curb Ultimate Height." KATHERINE HOBSON. Retrieved on September 01, 2014.
http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/09/01/344283889/more-evidence-that-adhd-drugs-dont-curb-ultimate-height


Related links: The Related Links below this article may be of interest to you.

NEWSLETTER: I invite you to subscribe to our free weekly newsletter. This gives you all of the updates to the ADD site. Fill in the blank below the article with your email address - which is never passed on beyond this site. We never sell or trade your personal information.



Add Effects+of+Stimulants+on+Growth+for+Kids+with+ADD to Twitter Add Effects+of+Stimulants+on+Growth+for+Kids+with+ADD to Facebook Add Effects+of+Stimulants+on+Growth+for+Kids+with+ADD to MySpace Add Effects+of+Stimulants+on+Growth+for+Kids+with+ADD to Del.icio.us Digg Effects+of+Stimulants+on+Growth+for+Kids+with+ADD Add Effects+of+Stimulants+on+Growth+for+Kids+with+ADD to Yahoo My Web Add Effects+of+Stimulants+on+Growth+for+Kids+with+ADD to Google Bookmarks Add Effects+of+Stimulants+on+Growth+for+Kids+with+ADD to Stumbleupon Add Effects+of+Stimulants+on+Growth+for+Kids+with+ADD to Reddit




ADD Medication Research
Facts About Stimulant Med Use and ADD
Medication Myths and ADD
RSS
Related Articles
Editor's Picks Articles
Top Ten Articles
Previous Features
Site Map


For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Attention Deficit Disorder Newsletter


Past Issues


print
Printer Friendly
bookmark
Bookmark
tell friend
Tell a Friend
forum
Forum
email
Email Editor


Content copyright © 2014 by Connie Mistler Davidson. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Connie Mistler Davidson. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Connie Mistler Davidson for details.

g


g features
Nurture Can Improve Cortical Thickness in ADD

Learning Complex Skills and ADD

Keeping a Relationship Fresh with ADD

Archives | Site Map

forum
Forum
email
Contact

Past Issues
memberscenter


vote
Poetry
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Less than Monthly



BellaOnline on Facebook
g


| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2014 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.


BellaOnline Editor