Alternate Name(s): Algeria
Capital City: Algiers
Date of Independence: July 5, 1962 (from France)
National Anthem: Qassaman (The Pledge)
Population: 32,818,500 people
Size/Area: 2,381,740 sq km slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas
Land Locked: No
Coastline: 998 km
Bordering Countries: Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara
Administrative Divisions: 48 provinces - Adrar, Ain Defla, Ain Temouchent, Alger, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Bouira, Boumerdes, Chlef, Constantine, Djelfa, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Ghardaia, Guelma, Illizi, Jijel, Khenchela, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mila, Mostaganem, M'Sila, Naama, Oran, Ouargla, Oum el Bouaghi, Relizane, Saida, Setif, Sidi Bel Abbes, Skikda, Souk Ahras, Tamanghasset, Tebessa, Tiaret, Tindouf, Tipaza, Tissemsilt, Tizi Ouzou, Tlemcen
Major Cities: Annābah, Bātnah, al-Jazā“ir, Jilfah, Qustantīnah, Satīf, Sīdī ban-al-“Abbas, Tibissah, Wahrān
Languages: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
Religions: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%
Major Holidays: Independence Day, July 5. Anniversary of independence from France in 1962.
Revolution Day, November 1. Commemorates the first well coordinated attacks on Nov 1, 1954, begun by the National Liberation Front, against French-operated military installations, public utilities, and communications facilities.
National Day, June 19. Anniversary of the overthrow of Mohammed Ben Bella in a bloodless coup d'état in 1965. New Year's Day, Leilat al-Meiraj, first day of Ramadan, Id al-Fitr, Labor Day (May 1), Id al-Adha, Islamic New Year, Ashora, Mouloud.
Currency Code: DZD
Highest Point: Tahat 3,003 m
Lowest Point: Chott Melrhir -40 m
Bordering Bodies of Water: Mediterranean Sea
Climate: Arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer
Major Industries: Petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing
Major Agricultural Products: Wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus fruits, sheep, cattle
Natural Resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc
Native Animals: Barbary lion, wild mouflons, Barbary deer, wild boars, Barbary apes, storks, flamingos, gazelles, fennecs, hyenas, and jackals, gerbils, desert hare, scorpions
Native Plants: holm oak, cork oak, conifers, juniper, cedar, laurel, rosemary, thyme, gorse, lavender, sage, esparto grass, Barbary fig, date palm, drinn, cram-cram, ethels, acacia, jujube trees
Tribes of Africa eBook
This eBook is the most complete listing of African tribes available on the internet. The first section of this book is the tribes sorted alphabetically by country. The second section is the tribes sorted alphabetically by tribe name.