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Spanish Irregular Verbs (Part III): Irregular First Person (Yo)

When we want to conjugate any regular verb, we just remove the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) and add the corresponding conjugation ending. Right?

Example:
Hablar is a regular verb and belongs to the First Conjugation type. So, if we want to conjugate it (Present tense), we just remove the infinitive ending (-ar) and add the Present tense endings:

Yo hablo
Tu hablas
El / Ella / Usted habla

Nosotros hablamos
Vosotros habláis
Ellos / Ustedes hablan

But some Spanish verbs follow the regular conjugation patterns except for the "Yo" form. They are called: "Verbs with Irregular first person". (Take care, as some of them can also belong to the "Stem-changing" irregular verbs group).

In order to make it easier, we'll study these verbs in categories:

1. "GO" verbs
2. "OY" verbs
3. "ZCO" verbs
4. Others


First category: "GO" verbs:

Their "yo" forms end in "-go".

Examples: yo hago (I make, I do); yo traigo (I bring).

List of -go verbs:

Caer (To fall):
yo caigo | tu caes | él / ella / usted cae
nosotros caemos | vosotros caéis | ellos / ustedes caen

Decir (To say - To tell):
yo digo | tu dices | él / ella / usted dice
nosotros decimos | vosotros decís | ellos / ustedes dicen

Hacer (To make - To do):
yo hago | tu haces | él / ella / usted hace
nosotros hacemos | vosotros hacéis | ellos / ustedes hacen

Oír (To hear):
yo oigo | tu oyes | él / ella / usted oye
nosotros oímos | vosotros oís | ellos / ustedes oyen

Poner (To put):
yo pongo | tu pones | él / ella / usted pone
nosotros ponemos | vosotros ponéis | ellos / ustedes ponen

Salir (To go out):
yo salgo | tu sales | él / ella / usted sale
nosotros salimos | vosotros salís | ellos / ustedes salen

Satisfacer (*) (To satisfy):
yo satisfago | tu satisfaces | él / ella / usted satisface
nosotros satisfacemos | vosotros satisfacéis | ellos / ustedes satisfacen

Seguir (To follow):
yo sigo | tu sigues | él / ella / usted sigue
nosotros seguimos | vosotros seguís | ellos / ustedes siguen

Tener (To have):
yo tengo | tu tienes | él / ella / usted tiene
nosotros tenemos | vosotros tenéis | ellos / ustedes tienen

Traer (To bring):
yo traigo | tu traes | él / ella / usted trae
nosotros traemos | vosotros traéis | ellos / ustedes traen

Valer (To be worth, to cost):
yo valgo | tu vales | él / ella / usted vale
nosotros valemos | vosotros valéis | ellos / ustedes valen

Venir (To come):
yo vengo | tu vienes | él / ella / usted viene
nosotros venimos | vosotros venís | ellos / ustedes vienen

(*) Note that this verb (Satisfacer) is a compound verb (satisf+hacer), so it will be conjugated by writing "satisfy" before the concret "hacer" form.

Satisf+ago
Satisfy+aces
Satisfy+ace

(In this case, it is obviously written without letter "h": Not "satisfhago" but "satisfago").

There are a lot of Spanish compound verbs which are conjugated like the root verb.

Examples:
Componer (Com+poner) --> Yo compongo
Detener (De+tener) --> Yo detengo
Deshacer (Des+hacer)--> Yo deshago

It is very important to learn these verbs. There is a method very useful: Make flashcards and review them whenever you can. It works!

Next lesson, we'll go on reviewing the rest of "yo" irregular verbs and the remaining categories. Get tuned!

As always, for any question or doubt, feel free to e-mail me or just post a message at the forum.

¡Que tenga un buen día!
Angeles F.



VOCABULARY IN THIS LESSON (alphabetical order):

¡Que tenga un buen día! = Have a nice day!
Caer = To fall
Componer = To compose
Decir = To say - To tell
Deshacer = To undo
Detener = To detain, to arrest
Hablar = To talk
Hacer = To make - To dop
Oír = To hear
Poner = To put
Salir = To go out
Satisfacer = To satisfy
Seguir = To follow
Tener = To have
Traer = To bring
Valer = To be worth, to cost
Venir = To come


Recommended material

I write monthly articles for "Think Spanish" ("Piensa en español") since 2002. All "Think Spanish" articles are written in Spanish, and they include a Spanish/English glossary. You'll also have the option to buy this magazine including a CD. Nice way to learn about Spanish language and customs!
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