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BellaOnline's Southwest USA Editor

State Symbols of the Southwestern USA

Here is a list of the state symbols of the five southwestern USA states of Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. Find out about each state’s official bird, fish, and flower. The second half of the list contains some more eccentric entries such as state cooking pot, state neckwear, and state guitar. Which state is the only U.S. state to have an official cookie?

State amphibian (Arizona): Arizona tree frog
State amphibian (Colorado): Western tiger salamander
State amphibian (New Mexico): New Mexico spadefoot toad
State animal (Arizona): Ringtail cat
State animal (Colorado): Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep
State animal (Nevada): Desert bighorn sheep
State animal (New Mexico): Black bear
State animal (Utah): Rocky Mountain elk
State bird (Arizona): Cactus wren
State bird (Colorado): Lark bunting
State bird (Nevada): Mountain bluebird
State bird (New Mexico): Roadrunner
State bird (Utah): California gull
State capital of Arizona is Phoenix.
State capital of Colorado is Denver.
State capital of Nevada is Carson City.
State capital of New Mexico is Santa Fe.
State capital of Utah is Salt Lake City.
State colors (Arizona): Federal blue and old gold
State colors (Nevada): Silver and blue
State colors (New Mexico): Red and yellow
State colors (Utah): Black and yellow
State dance (Colorado): Square dance
State dance (Utah): Square dance
State fish (Arizona): Apache trout
State fish (Colorado): Cutthroat trout
State fish (Nevada): Lahontan cutthroat trout
State fish (New Mexico): Cutthroat trout
State fish (Utah): Bonneville cutthroat trout
State flower (Arizona): Saguaro blossom
State flower (Colorado): Rocky Mountain columbine
State flower (Nevada): Sagebrush
State flower (New Mexico): Yucca flower
State flower (Utah): Sego lily
State food (New Mexico): Biscochito cookie, chiles, and frijoles (pinto beans)
State food (Utah): Cherry (fruit), Jell-O (snack), Spanish sweet onion, and sugar beet
State fossil (Arizona): Petrified wood
State fossil (Colorado): Stegosaurus
State fossil (Nevada): Ichthyosaur
State fossil (New Mexico): Coelophysis
State fossil (Utah): Allosaurus
State gemstone (Arizona): Turquoise
State gemstone (Colorado): Aquamarine
State gemstone (Nevada): Virgin Valley black fire opal, also Nevada turquoise
State gemstone (New Mexico): Turquoise
State gemstone (Utah): Topaz
State grass (Colorado): Blue grama grass
State grass (Nevada): Indian ricegrass
State grass (New Mexico): Blue grama grass
State grass (Utah): Indian ricegrass
State insect (Arizona): Two-tailed Swallowtail butterfly
State insect (Colorado): Colorado Hairstreak butterfly
State insect (New Mexico): Tarantula wasp, also Sandia Hairstreak butterfly
State insect (Utah): Honey bee
State language (Utah): English
State metal (Nevada): Silver
State mineral (Colorado): Rhodochrosite
State mineral (Colorado): Yule marble
State mineral (Nevada): Sandstone
State mineral (Utah): Coal
State motto (Arizona): Ditat Deus (Latin for “God enriches”)
State motto (Colorado): Nil sine numine (Latin for "Nothing without providence.")
State motto (Nevada): Battle Born, also All for Our Country
State motto (New Mexico): Crescit eundo (Latin for “It grows as it goes.”)
State motto (Utah): Industry
State nickname (Arizona): Grand Canyon State.
State nickname (Colorado): Centennial State.
State nickname (Nevada): Silver State.
State nickname (New Mexico): Land of Enchantment.
State nickname (Utah): Beehive State.
State reptile (Arizona): Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake
State reptile (Colorado): Western painted turtle
State reptile (Nevada): Desert tortoise
State reptile (New Mexico): New Mexico whiptail lizard
State slogan (Nevada): The Battle Born State
State slogan (New Mexico): Everybody is Somebody in New Mexico
State slogan (Utah): Utah, Life Elevated
State soil (Colorado): Seitz
State soil (Nevada): Orovada
State song (Colorado): Where the Columbines Grow, also Rocky Mountain High
State song (Nevada): Home Means Nevada
State song (New Mexico): O Fair New Mexico, also Asi Es Nuevo México
State song (Utah): Utah, This is the Place
State tartan: designed for Colorado, Nevada, and Utah
State tree (Arizona): Palo verde
State tree (Colorado): Colorado Blue Spruce
State tree (Nevada): Single-leaf piñon pine, also the Bristlecone pine
State tree (New Mexico): Two-needle piñon pine
State tree (Utah): Quaking aspen
Statehood (Arizona): became the 48th state on 14 February 1912.
Statehood (Colorado): became the 38th state on 1 August 1876.
Statehood (Nevada): became the 36th state on 31 October 1864.
Statehood (New Mexico) became the 47th state on 6 January 1912.
Statehood (Utah): became the 45th state on 4 January 1896.
And here are some more unusual state symbols…
State artifact (Nevada): Tule Duck Decoy
State astronomical symbol (Utah): Beehive Cluster, also Dubhe star in the Alpha Ursae Majoris constellation
State cooking pot (Utah): Dutch oven
State cowboy song (New Mexico): Under New Mexico Skies
State emblem (Utah): Beehive
State firearm (Arizona): Colt single action army revolver
State firearm (Utah): Browning M1911
State guitar (New Mexico): Pimentel sunrise guitar
State historic railroad (New Mexico): Cumbres and Toltec scenic railroad
State neckwear (Arizona): Bolo tie
State neckwear (New Mexico): Bolo tie, also the Native American squash blossom necklace
State question (New Mexico): "Red or Green?" Answer: "Red and Green or Christmas."

The New Mexico state question refers to whether you would like red chile or green chile on your New Mexican food. If you want both red and green, the combination is known as "Christmas."

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