Long Name: Portuguese Republic
Long Name (local): Republica Portuguesa
Member of European Union: Yes, 1986
International Dialing Code: +351
Capital City: Lisbon
National Tourist Office: Portugal’s Official Tourism Site
Foreign Embassies in Portugal: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.
Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.
Nationality: Noun - Portuguese (singular and plural), Adjective - Portuguese
Government Type: Parliamentary democracy
Ethnic Groups: Homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, Protestant (1995)
Languages: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official - but locally used)
Monetary Unit: 1 Euro = 100 cents
Area: 92,391 sq km – slightly smaller than Indiana
Climate: Maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south
Population: 10,524,145 (July 2004 est.)
Sex Ratio: 0.94 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Median Age: 37.9 years, male 35.8 years, female 40 years (2004 est.)
Life Expectancy: 77.35 years, male 74.06 years, female 80.85 years (2004 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 0.41% (2004 est.)
Net Migration Rate: 3.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Unemployment Rate: 6.4% (2003 est.)
Gross National Income: US$12,130 (2003, World Bank)
Export Commodities: Clothing and footwear, machinery, chemicals, cork and paper products, hides
Export Partners: Spain 22.7%, Germany 15.2%, France 12.9%, UK 10.5%, US 5.8%, Italy 4.8%, Belgium 4.6% (2003 est.)
Import Commodities: Machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum, textiles, agricultural products
Import Partners: Spain 29.1%, Germany 14.7%, France 9.9%, Italy 6.4%, UK 4.9%, Netherlands 4.6% (2003 est.)
Natural Resources: Fish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower
Public Television: RTP
Public Radio: RDP
Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.