Casting a circle is a great way to focus and center before beginning, or as the beginning of, a ritual or spell. A circle is a sacred space in which creating, setting, and holding an intention are facilitated through the energy gathered. As with each aspect of Wicca, the way you choose to cast a circle is reliant on an individual preference, and it seems best to try a few different ways before deciding on the one that works best for you.
Generally the first step chosen by practitioners of Wicca is clearing the energy naturally held in whatever space you intend to use. A good and easy way to cleanse a space is by using a smudge stick. Smudge sticks are typically made of sage though they can also be made of other herbs like cedar or pine. Sage is ideal for cleansing the energy of a space. Traditionally, using this method, the space is circled counterclockwise three times while the practitioner holds a burning sage smudge stick and repeats aloud something like, “this space is cleared of all negative energy. Only positive energy may enter here.”
A natural second step is then to seal the energy of the room using a cedar smudge stick. This time, the space would be circled three times clockwise while repeating something akin to, “This is a safe and sacred space. Only positive energy may enter here, all other energy is transmuted to positive energy and sent to where it may do the most good.”
As a good third step, candles can be lit surrounding the perimeter of the space. If you choose to do this, it’s best to opt for a number sacred to nature like three or five. Walk clockwise around the space lighting candles and repeating, “ This space is held in love and light”. At this point you have created and cast your circle.
If you would like to take your circle another step further, now is a good time for visualizing the space you have created. This visualization should contain all dimensions. Another step you may add to casting your circle is welcoming in the four directions. Each direction has an element associated with it, fire, earth, water, or air. Inviting the presence of each direction by offering each a representation of its associated element is a lovely way to add the consciousness of our world into the circle.
No matter what you choose, any ritual that works for you is the right one for you to use in casting your circle. With enough practice, simply holding the space in your mind may become enough. Most importantly, remember to focus on all involved and invited energy coming from and existing in a state of love.