g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
News & Politics
Religion & Spirituality
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

Bored? Games!
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

Natural Living
Folklore and Mythology
Distance Learning

All times in EST

Low Carb: 8:00 PM

Full Schedule
g Landscaping Site

BellaOnline's Landscaping Editor


Citrus Description and Propagation

The word citrus is based on the Greek term, kitron, which later became the name for citron. These are members of the Rutaceare family.

Of great importance, these are native to Southeast Asia, southern China, Indochina, and the Philippines. The original wild citrus was from India and Southeast Asia with about a dozen wild species originally. Worldwide now there are around 2000 varieties with around a hundred of those being of commercial important.

The citrus plants are sub-tropical or tropical shrubs and trees. These can reach two to 20 or 30 feet in height. These are aromatic, evergreen, much branched, long lived plants. They often have spines that arise from the leaf axils. The leaf size varies. Generally the foliage, which is actually compound, is very beautiful. The leaves have a leathery, rough texture with glands dotted over the surface. Some foliage is winged.

The lovely, fragrant flowers are often white, but can be pink. They open in terminal clusters and from the leaf axils. Although the total petal count can vary, it is often five. There are usually five green sepals as well. Peak bloom is usually March to May.

The fruits are technically considered to be a special type of berry. The fruit size and rind color can vary widely depending on the variety and species. The rind is leathery and thick. Bloom to harvest varies as well.

Harvest can be almost any time of year. Grafted trees bear in three to four years from planting. Full production is reached in seven to eight years.

Citrus fruits are smaller, less juicy, more acid, and ripen later in cool climates. The climate has influence upon the fruit characteristics. These can include the shape, color, and skin appearance. Some citrus, such as lemons and limes, are picked before they’re fully ripe, while others like grapefruit and orange should be allowed to ripen on the tree. Commercially the growers enhance the rind color by coloring artificially or treating with a chemical or gas.

Harvest when the variety is ripe. The time can vary from region and variety. To test, pick one of the fruits and taste. The rind color alone isn’t always a good guide to maturity. Most can remain on the tree for several weeks after they’re mature except for the Mandarin. Citrus can be stored in the refrigerator for two to three weeks.

Seedless citrus isn’t actually completely seed-free. Rather, they have five seeds or less. This definition applies to grapefruits, oranges, and lemons.


Some limes can be grown from cuttings with the trees being smaller than they would otherwise. Most citrus is budded, grafted, or inarched onto a rootstock. The rootstocks can provide different kinds of benefits, such as dwarfing, hardiness, improved fruit that matures early, and adaptation to different soils. Rootstocks are often seedlings.

For growing from seed, the best ones for indoors are Citrus limonia and Otaheite because they remain dwarf.

Add Citrus+Description+and+Propagation to Twitter Add Citrus+Description+and+Propagation to Facebook Add Citrus+Description+and+Propagation to MySpace Add Citrus+Description+and+Propagation to Digg Citrus+Description+and+Propagation Add Citrus+Description+and+Propagation to Yahoo My Web Add Citrus+Description+and+Propagation to Google Bookmarks Add Citrus+Description+and+Propagation to Stumbleupon Add Citrus+Description+and+Propagation to Reddit

RSS | Related Articles | Editor's Picks Articles | Top Ten Articles | Previous Features | Site Map

For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Landscaping Newsletter

Past Issues

Printer Friendly
tell friend
Tell a Friend
Talk to Editor
Email Editor

Content copyright © 2018 by Connie Krochmal. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Connie Krochmal. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Connie Krochmal for details.


g features
Woody Plants of Pompeii

Masquerade and Candlelight Ornamental Peppers

Fittonias as House Plants

Archives | Site Map


Past Issues

Note: BellaOnline uses cookies to help provide a consistent user experience. Our advertisers may use cookies to help customize ads. Please contact us with any question about our cookie use.

Summertime Foods
Corn on the Cob
Burgers on the Grill
Apple Pie


| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2018 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.

BellaOnline Editor