Easter in Germany - Eggs and Easter Trees
Wenn zu Ostern die Sonne scheint,
sitzt der Bauer am Speicher und weint
When at Easter the Sun shines,
The farmer sits in his barn and cries
Which could be true for the farmers of Germany, but not for children who have spent the days leading up to the Easter holiday coloring and decorating eggs to hang on Ostereierbaeume, Easter Egg Trees, or whose Easter Sunday is occupied with their long anticipated Easter Egg Hunt.
Rushing around trying to find where "Der Osterhase" the Easter rabbit, who is even more elusive than the "Christkind", has left their chocolate, marzipan, sugar and colored hen's eggs.
Or perhaps the traditional cardboard Easter egg that, decorated with Easter rabbits or chickens, has probably been handed down for generations and reveals candy or a small gift when its halves are separated.
The weeks before Easter and "das Osterfest" are filled with its most easily recognized symbol, the egg, and many of the artist's creations seen at the Easter Markets throughout Germany are not just "painted eggs" but miniature works of art. On every type of egg shell from Quail to Ostrich.
There are also beaded, batik, crazy quilt, dried flower covered eggs and more, all of which are usually put on show hanging from Easter Trees, as part of centerpieces or surrounded by feathers in baskets. Together with masses of spring flowers, especially daffodils or "Osterglocken", Easter bells, as they are known in Germany, and Easter arts and crafts, the "designer" egg displays make sure the booths are a riot of color.
But, whether it arrives late or early in the Spring, Easter in Germany, "Ostern in Deutschland", is always colorful.
German homes and gardens are often decorated for the festival and one way is with an "Osterstrauch", Easter tree. Cut "pussy or corkscrew willow" or flowering twigs placed inside the home, or trees and bushes in the garden, decorated with eggs that have been emptied out through a small hole in the shell, dyed, marbled or painted with designs and hung from ribbons.
In some regions "Osterbrunnen", Easter Fountains and Wells, a tradition celebrating the life giving importance of water, is still followed.
Carefully hollowed egg shells left from cookery expeditions in the kitchen are collected throughout the year. These are hand painted, strung into garlands with swathes of evergreen branches, and used to festoon the old fountains and wells in villages or towns, each in a completely different style, giving Easter Markets an even more festive air.
After Palm Sunday they are topped with a crown or an arch and there they remain for up to two weeks after Easter.
It is not easy to imagine an Easter without eggs. Originally a pagan symbol of earth's rebirth with the arrival of spring, becoming a Christian symbol of Christ's resurrection from the dead and believed to represent the boulder rolled away from his tomb, now a tradition using colored eggs as decorations.
Although there was a practical reason behind the custom. Cooked eggs stayed fresh longer during the weeks of Lent so needed to differ from those that were fresh, and over the years the colors began to take on meanings.
Yellow was for Inspiration and Wisdom, Red the Martyrdom of Jesus, White - Purity, Green - Hope, New Beginnings, Innocence and Youth, and Orange for Strength, Persistence, Warmth and Ambition.
There are regions of the country where even the color of the first egg found during the Easter egg hunt is important. Blue is unlucky, while Red should bring three days of good luck.
It is a tradition throughout Germany that children, and many adults, decorate hollowed out white eggs with designs, faces, flowers, chicks, rabbits, using water colors, special felt tip pens, pieces of paper, fabric, shells or beads. Or one of the special packets of paints and egg decorating kits that are on sale at every supermarket leading up to Easter.
While color experiments with ingredients from around the home are also fun.
Boiling white eggs in slightly vinegary water with spinach turns them green, chopped onion skins give brown shells, turmeric colors them yellow, using beetroot juice they end up deep red, and although it might be thought of as a "cold unlucky" color blueberry juice makes a beautiful blue.
Boiling uncooked eggs that have been wrapped tightly in a small piece of thin muslin together with a few flat leaves, such a parsley or grass, make a leaf pattern and once cold the colored eggs can be polished to a shine with cooking oil.
These colored and decorated "gekochte Eier", boiled eggs, are eaten, used to decorate the Easter morning breakfast table, added to a plaited sweet bread, could be an "Osterkranz" - Easter wreath or Osterzopf - Easter plait, given as gifts or hung on the Easter tree.
Continuing with the egg theme "Falsche Hase", False Hare, is often on the table, especially for "den Osterbrunch". This is a recipe from the days when meat was scarce in the years immediately after WWII but is still popular today, and it is basically a meatloaf, sometimes shaped to resemble a rabbit, with a boiled egg hidden inside.
As they were forbidden during Lent in early Christian days, eggs were a highly anticipated delicacy forty days later and, although few follow the strict Lenten rules in today's Germany, eggs in all their forms still play a starring role in the country's Easter celebrations.
Frohe Ostern! - Happy Easter
Illustrations: The Eierbaum, Egg Tree, decorated each year by the Kraft Family, Saalfeld, Thuringia, photographer AndrewPoison via de.wikipedia - Natural Well Decorated for Easter, Diepersdorf | Foto: Hans Brinek - Traditional plaited Osterzopf with an Osterzweige - decorated Easter table tree via Brigitte.de.
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