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Spanish Plural Forms

Here we have some examples that follow this general rule :

Words ending in unaccented vowel :

la casa (the house): las casas
la cama (the bed): las camas
el barco (the ship): los barcos
el carro (the car) : los carros

(Note that I’ve also written their corresponding Definite Articles. This way you’ll know the genre of each noun. )

Words ending in consonant :

la flor (the flower): las flores
la claridad (the lightness): las claridades
el árbol (the tree) : los árboles
el color (the color): los colores

Words ending in S preceded by an unstressed vowel: They have the same form in both, singular and plural:

Days of the week, from Monday to Friday:
Lunes (Monday), martes (Tuesday), miércoles (Wednesday), jueves (Thursday), viernes (Friday)

la crisis (the crisis): las crisis
el paraguas (the umbrella) : los paraguas

Not difficult, right?

Now, let’s review other interesting rules and exceptions:

“Y” is treated as a consonant, when located at the end of a word, if we want to apply the plural rule:

For example:
la ley (the lawn): las leyes.
El buey (the ox): los bueyes

If a word ends in –ión, we’ll add –es and forget about the written accent.
For example:
la canción (the song): las canciones;
el camión (the lorry): los camiones.

If a word ends in –z, we’ll add –es and change the z to a c.
For example:
la voz (the voice): las voces;
el pez (the fish): los peces.

If a word ends in a stressed é, we’ll simply add –s.
For example:
el café (the coffee): los cafés;
el pez (the fish): los peces.

If a word ends in other stressed vowel (other than é) , we’ll add –es.
For example:
el zulú (the Zulu: los zulúes;
el hindú (the Hindu): los indúes.
El organdí (the organdy) : los organdíes

In this group we have 4 exceptions:

el papá : los papás (not “los papaes”)
la mamá : las mamás (not “las mamaes”)
el sofá : los sofás (not “los sofaes”)
el dominó : los dominós (not “los dominoes”)

Words from foreign languages maintain their original language pluralization rules:
el convoy : los convoys;
el parking : los parkings

And finally, remember that:
We must use the masculine plural form when we refer to a group of two or more nouns with different genres.

1 león (lion – masculine) + 2 leonas (lionesses – feminine) = 3 leones (masculine).

If you have any question, comment or doubt. If do, feel free to e-mail me or just post a message at the Forum. I’ll answer you as soon as possible.

¡Hasta pronto! (See you soon!)

Recommended material:
You can find below some materials / web pages that, from my point of view, can be useful and interesting:

Think Spanish Magazine I write monthly articles for 'Think Spanish' ('Piensa en español') about Spain, its culture, travel issues... But this magazine also covers all Latin American countries. Articles include a glossary. You can also listen to all the articles as they also publish a monthly CD.

Puerta del Sol - Audio Magazine A very interesting way of learning or reviewing not just Spanish grammar and vocabulary, but also a great way to find out about Spain and its culture.

Lo más TV Such a funny, intelligent and useful way to learn and enjoy the Spanish language!! It is a web based activity and offers new videos, on a weekly basis, with Spanish / English captions, dictionary and games.

Angeles' Blog: "Spanish Word of the Day" I'm adding a new Spanish word, everyday, including its sound file, translation, uses and descriptions. You can send your messages with questions, examples to be reviewed, etc.

Visual Link Spanish Visual Link Spanish™ - Just click, listen and repeat! Don't just learn Spanish; put it into practice with a unique guided, step-by-step system. I've tested it and I wish I'd had something similar when I studied English!!
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Content copyright © 2015 by Angeles Fernández. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Angeles Fernández. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Angeles Fernández for details.


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