Spanish Irregular Verbs (Part I)
After having studied how Spanish regular verbs are conjugated (Present Tense), in this lesson you'll find the basics on Irregular verbs.
Irregular verbs do not follow the standard rules of conjugation. This also happens in English. Let's take, i.e. the verb "to walk". This is a regular verb, as its past form is "walked". On the other hand, we have "to buy". And we can see this verb does not follow the "-ed" rule to form the past, as it is "bought", not "buyed". Right? So, "to buy" is an irregular verb.
There are about twenty (yes!) Spanish irregular verbs and they are some of the most frequently used. We have several types of irregular verbs:
- Stem-changing verbs: The stem vowel changes to 1 or 2 vowels when conjugated.
- Irregular First person singular (Yo).
- Some stem-changing verbs can also have an irregular "yo" form.
- Finally, those "VERY IRREGULAR verbs". Verbs not belonging to any of the above types.
Their first person (yo) is completely different to the regular verbs (i.e. Hablar, Vivir), and the rest of persons have some similarities, but they are not exactly the same as in regular verbs.
|Yo||Tu||El / Ella / Usted||Nosotros / Nosotras||Vosotros / Vosotras||Ellos / Ustedes|
Other very irregular verbs are Ser (To be) and Tener (To go):
|El / Ella / Usted|
|Nosotros / Nosotras|
|Vosotros / Vosotras|
|Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes|
At this point you may think it will impossible to learn all this!! But don't worry, as you can follow a method which surely will help you, not just with this type of verbs, but with a lot Spanish grammar points. I'm talking about Flashcards.
Just print or copy the tables above containing irregular verbs on paper or cardboards. You don't have to spend hours and hours trying to memorize them, BUT, simply, read them for some minutes, everyday. Take them with you! This way, Spanish irregular verbs won't become something impossible to learn.
When you think you're learned this lesson, take a look at the poll at:
Spanish Irregular Verbs (I) Poll
For any doubt or comment regarding this lessons feel free to e-mail or post a message at the Spanish Language Forum.
Have a nice day!
(¡Que tenga un buen día!)
VOCABULARY IN THIS LESSON (alphabetical order):
Dar = To give
Estar = To be
Hablar = To talk
Ir = To go
Ser = To be
Tener = To have
Vivir = To live
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