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Spanish Verbs with Irregular First Person (IV)



We have already learned that there is a type of Spanish irregular verbs called "First Person Irregular verbs". These verbs follow the regular conjugation patterns except for the "Yo" form and they can be classified in four categories:

1. "GO" verbs
2. "OY" verbs
3. "ZCO" verbs
4. Others


We studied the verbs belonging to the first type: "-go" verbs (See Spanish Irregular Verbs (Part III): Irregular First Person (Yo)). Now we are going to review the rest of categories.

Second category: "-OY" verbs:

Their "yo" form ends in "-oy".

As we have already learned, we can apply here the general rule: we remove the infinitive ending (-ar, -er or -ir) and then we add the "-oy" ending:

Infinitive: Dar
D-ar
D-
D-oy

Verbs belonging to this category:

Dar (To give):
yo doy | tu das | él/ella/usted da
nosotros damos | vosotros dais | ellos/ustedes dan

Estar (To be):
yo estoy | tu estás | él/ella/usted está
nosotros estamos | vosotros estáis | ellos/ustedes están

Ir (To go):
yo voy | tu vas | él/ella/usted va
nosotros vamos | vosotros vais | ellos/ustedes van
(This verb is completely irregular, so the general rule above does not apply)

Ser (To be):
yo soy | tu eres | él/ella/usted es
nosotros somos | vosotros sois | ellos/ustedes son


Third category: "-ZCO" verbs:
Their "yo" form ends in "-zco".

As a "general rule", all infinitive verbs ending in a vowel + "-cer" or "-cir", form their first person ("yo"), for the present tense, adding "-zco".

And, of course, we have some exceptions:
"cocer" ("Yo cuezo") and "torcer" ("yo tuerzo"); they belong to the stem-changing verbs category (o --> ue).

Another exception: Verbs "hacer", "bendecir", "decir", etc... that, as we have already learned, belong to the "-go" category.

List of -zco verbs:

Agradecer (To please): yo agradezco

Aparecer (To appear): yo aparezco

Crecer (To grow): yo crezco

Desaparecer (To dissapear): yo desaparezco

Desobedecer (To disobey): yo desobedezco

Establecer (To establish): yo establezco

Introducir (To introduce): yo introduzco

Lucir (To shine): yo luzco

Merecer (To deserve, To be worth): yo merezco

Obedecer (To obey): yo obedezco

Ofrecer (To offer): yo ofrezco

Parecer (To seem): yo parezco

Pertenecer (To belong): yo pertenezco

Permanecer (To stay): yo permanezco

Producir (To produce): yo produzco

Reducir (To reduce): yo reduzco

Traducir (To translate): yo traduzco


Fourth category: verbs that do not fit a pattern:
This type of Spanish verbs do not belong to any of the above mentioned categories, they have just an irregular "yo" form:

Saber (To Know): yo
Ver (To see - To watch): yo veo
Caber (To fit): yo quepo

As I've already told you, a useful way to learn these verbs is making flashcards and reviewing them whenever you can.

For any question or doubt, feel free to e-mail me or just post a message at the forum.

¡Que tenga un buen día!
Angeles F.



VOCABULARY IN THIS LESSON (alphabetical order):

Agradecer: please
Aparecer: appear
Bendecir: bless
Caber: fit
Cocer: To cook, To boil
Crecer: To grow
Dar: To give
Decir: To say
Desaparecer: To dissapear
Desobedecer: To disobey
Establecer: To establish
Estar: to be
Hacer: To make, To do
Introducir: To introduce
Ir: To go
Lucir: To shine
Merecer: To shine
Obedecer: To obey
Ofrecer: To offer
Parecer: To seem
Permanecer: To stay
Pertenecer: To belong
Producir: To produce
Reducir: To reduce
Saber: To Know
Ser: To be
Torcer: To bend, to twist
Traducir: To translate
Ver: To see, to watch



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Content copyright © 2014 by Angeles Fernández. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Angeles Fernández. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Angeles Fernández for details.

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