logo
g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
Money
News & Politics
Relationships
Religion & Spirituality
Sports
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

dailyclick
Bored? Games!
Nutrition
Postcards
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

new
Bible Basics
Houseplants
Romance Movies
Creativity
Family Travel
Southwest USA
Irish Culture


dailyclick
All times in EST

Full Schedule
g
g Spanish Language Site

BellaOnline's Spanish Language Editor

g

Imperfect Indicative Tense - Conjugation.


The Spanish Imperfect tense is used to refer or talk about past actions that took place over an indeterminate period of time, let’s say, actions not seen as finished. On the contrary, remember that there is another Spanish simple past tense, called Preterite, used to express actions that took place in the past, but with a concrete beginning and end (See Preterit and Imperfect).

To conjugate this tense, let’s first remember that there are 3 verbs categories: Verbs ending in –ar, in –er and in –ir. (1st, 2nd and 3rd categories, respectively). Remember? We just have to remove the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir), and add the corresponding imperfect ending.

Regular verbs belonging to the First category (-ar), take the following endings:

(yo) –aba
(tu) –abas
(el / ella / usted) –aba
(nosotros) –ábamos
(vosotros) –abais
(ellos / ustedes) -aban

And regular verbs belonging to the Second and Third categories:

(yo) –ía
(tu) –ías
(el / ella / usted) –ía
(nosotros) –íamos
(vosotros) –íais
(ellos / ustedes) -ían

So here we have a table with the Imperfect tense conjugation: ('Click and listen')

Imperfect Indicative Conjugation – Regular Verbs

Amar (To love)
(1st conjugation)
Beber (To drink)
(2nd conjugation)
Vivir (To live)
(3rd conjugation)
Yo
amaba
bebía
vivía
Tu
amabas
bebías
vivías
El / Ellla /Usted
maba
bebía
vivía
Nosotros
amábamos
bebíamos
vivíamos
Vosotros
amabais
bebíais
vivíais
Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes
amaban
bebían
vivían
Click here to listen:
Amar - Imperfect
Click here to listen:
Beber - Imperfect
Click here to listen:
vivir - Imperfect


And what about irregular verbs? Well, we have good news, as there are only three irregular verbs for the imperfect of indicative:

Imperfect Indicative Conjugation – Irregular Verbs

Ser (To be)
Ver (To see)
Ir (To go)
Yo
era
veía
iba
Tu
eras
veías
ibas
El / Ella /Usted
era
veía
iba
Nosotros
éramos
veíamos
íbamos
Vosotros
erais
veíais
ibais
Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes
eran
veían
iban
Click here to listen:
Ser - Imperfect
Click here to listen:
Ver - Imperfect
Click here to listen:
Ir - Imperfect


Now let’s see some examples:

Regular Verbs:
Mi esposa cantaba cuando era joven.(My wife used to sing when she was young)
(Infinitive: Cantar)

Manuel bebía leche todos los dias.(Manuel used to drink milk everyday)
(Infinitive: Beber)

Luis nunca decía la verdad. (Luis never used to say the truth)
(Infinitive: Decir)

Irregular Verbs:
Nosotros ibamos al colegio. (We used to go to school)
(Infinitive: Ir)

Ella era la mejor atleta. (She used to be the best athlete)
(Infinitive: Ser)

Veían las montañas desde esta ventana. (They used to see the mountains from this window
(Infinitive: Ver)

As always, for any question or comment, feel free to e-mail me.

¡Hasta pronto!


'Click and listen' glossary: (alphabetical order):

amar: To love
atleta: athlete
beber: To drink
colegio: school
cuando: when
decir: To say, to tell
desde: from
esposa: wife
esta: this (feminine)
ir: To go
joven: young
leche: milk
mejor: best
mi: My
montañas: mountains
nunca: never
ser: To be
todos los días: everyday
ventana: window
vivir: To live
Learn


Recommended material:
Spanish
Welcome to the Spanish Reading Club!!
You can join our Book Club now. We read a book (in Spanish!) every month, and the Spanish Language Forum is open to all your comments, notes or questions.

I write monthly articles for "Think Spanish" ("Piensa en español") since 2002. All "Think Spanish" articles are written in Spanish, and they include a Spanish/English glossary. You'll also have the option to buy this magazine including a CD. Nice way to learn about Spanish language and customs!

Add Imperfect+Indicative+Tense+%2D+Conjugation%2E to Twitter Add Imperfect+Indicative+Tense+%2D+Conjugation%2E to Facebook Add Imperfect+Indicative+Tense+%2D+Conjugation%2E to MySpace Add Imperfect+Indicative+Tense+%2D+Conjugation%2E to Del.icio.us Digg Imperfect+Indicative+Tense+%2D+Conjugation%2E Add Imperfect+Indicative+Tense+%2D+Conjugation%2E to Yahoo My Web Add Imperfect+Indicative+Tense+%2D+Conjugation%2E to Google Bookmarks Add Imperfect+Indicative+Tense+%2D+Conjugation%2E to Stumbleupon Add Imperfect+Indicative+Tense+%2D+Conjugation%2E to Reddit




RSS | Related Articles | Editor's Picks Articles | Top Ten Articles | Previous Features | Site Map


For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Spanish Language Newsletter


Past Issues


print
Printer Friendly
bookmark
Bookmark
tell friend
Tell a Friend
forum
Forum
email
Email Editor


Content copyright © 2014 by Angeles Fernández. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Angeles Fernández. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Angeles Fernández for details.

g


g features
Site of the month. www.ver-taal.com

Colors in Spanish. Exercises

Describing photos in Spanish. El perro lector.

Archives | Site Map

forum
Forum
email
Contact

Past Issues
memberscenter


vote
Poetry
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Less than Monthly



BellaOnline on Facebook
g


| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2014 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.


BellaOnline Editor