Maybe this is the first time your read about Spanish Demonstratives. If so, we'll study here, step by step, Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives, that is: "Adjetivos Demostrativos".
First of all, what's a 'demonstrative'? According to UsingEnglish.com, it 'indicates whether something is near or far from the speaker or writer and also shows singular or plural' The English demonstratives are: This - That - These - Those. The difference is that Spanish Demonstratives not only show singular or plural, but also masculine or feminine.
|Adjetivos demostrativos |
This table shows the Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives. The first thing to mention is that in Spanish we use three demonstratives (este - ese - aquel), instead of two (this - that). So este / esta correspond to this and ese / esa to that. But what about aquel / aquella?
We use este / esta to make reference to something that's near in time / location, and ese / esa when we refer to something far from who's talking/writting, but somehow close to the person who's listening.
And finally,in Spanish, we use aquel / aquella when talking about something that is far from both, the person who is speaking and the person who is listening.
As you can see, these adjectives have four forms and they have to be used according to the genre (masculine - feminine)/ number (singular - plural) of the noun they qualify; Let's see, with some examples, how they work:
Hope this helps!
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