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Integers - Adding Integers


ADDING TWO ALIKE SIGNS two positive numbers or two negative numbers
First Method:
1. Add absolute values
2. Attach same sign to the answer

Example:
Adding two positives integers
4 + 5 = 9

Adding two negative integers
(-4) + (-5) = (-9)

Second Method: (+) positive (-) negative
Draw (+) and (-) to represent the number sentence.

Note: A pair of (+) and (-) cancels each other or equals zero. (See end of page for more an illustration.)

4 + 5 = 9
+ + + + and + + + + +

OR
(-4) + (-5) = (-9)

(-) (-) (-) (-) and
(-) (-) (-) (-) (-)
Parentheses are used for clarity only.
Are there any zero pairs to cancel? No. So, count the signs to get a total.

Memory tip for adding two integers with same signs: Alike Signs Add

ADDING TWO UNLIKE SIGNS
- 6 + 4 = ?
First Method:
1. Subtract absolute values
2. Use the sign of the number with the larger absolute value
| - 6| = 6 | 4 | = 4
Remember to put the larger number first when subtracting two numbers. -- > 6 - 4 = 2
Six is larger. So, the answer will have a negative sign.
- 6 + 4 = - 2

Second Method:
Parentheses are used for clarity only.

(-) (-) (-) (-) (-) (-)
+ + + +
Are there any zero pairs to cancel? Yes. Four pairs cancel each other. So, count the remaining signs to get a total. Two negatives are left. Thus, - 6 + 4 = - 2

Memory tip for adding two integers with unlike signs: Different Signs Find the Difference



Here is proof that a positive and negative cancel each other.
( -3) + 3 = ?

(-) (-) (-)
+ + +
Three negative / positive pairs cancel each other. Thus, the answer is zero.