Types of Hair Color Products
- Temporary hair color (weekly rinses)
- Pigmented shampoos and conditioners
- Permanent lift/deposit and deposit only
- Lighteners or bleach
Pigmented shampoos and conditioners tend to do the same thing as temporary rinses, although they do it with much more pleasing results. There is a certain amount of color stain mixed in with the shampoo or conditioner. To tone a blond hair color that is too gold or to warm up a hair color that is too drab, choose a pigmented shampoo or conditioner in the color you want to add. The toning effect often lasts through the next one or two shampoos. Be aware that if there are porous areas in your hair, those areas may pick up more of the color than other areas, causing the effect to be uneven.
Semi-permanent hair color is a direct dye that is not mixed with a processing solution and is used to stain the hair. It has the ability to stay in the hair for about six shampoos. If the hair is damaged or porous, semi-permanent hair color may become permanent – staying in the hair permanently. Some strong hair that is not porous will fade more quickly than the six shampoos.
Demi-permanent hair color is a deposit only hair color that uses a processing solution. ( developer) The processing solution is generally of 10 volume or under. The demi-permanent hair color remains in the hair longer than the semi-permanent.
Permanent hair color uses a developer such as peroxide. It. lifts (lightens) and deposits color in one application. Permanent hair colors are designed to stay in the hair permanently - until it grows out or is cut off. Permanent hair color may fade with the use of harsh detergents or with exposure to the sun, but that hair will never return to its original condition or original hair color.
Darker shades of permanent hair color contain more color stock than light shades.
If a hair color system is labeled with numbers from 1 to 12 with 1 being the darkest and 12 being the lightest, #1 will have the most dye stock and very little if any ingredients to lighten the hair. #12 will have very little dye stock and a great deal of ingredients to lighten the hair. #6 will have equal parts dye stock and lightening ingredients.
Lightener or bleach gradually dissolves the natural color pigment within the hair. Depending upon the natural hair color, the hair will go through stages as it is lightened. A little lightening may result in red or orange-ish tones. A little more may result in gold or yellow. Eventually the effect will be pale yellow. Anything lighter than that may seriously damage the structure of the hair. Lighteners only remove color pigment and do not deposit color. Semi-permanent, demi-permanent and temporary hair colors are often used to add a pleasing tone to lightened hair.
These hair color products can produce beautiful hair color when they are used correctly and with great care. However, if used incorrectly or without proper consideration, they have the ability to cause many problems and distress. My advice is to always consult your hair care professional when contemplating hair color change.
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