|Vegetable Freezing Chart|
|Blanching time is in boiling water.|
Unless otherwise noted, chilling time in ice water should be the same as blanching time.
|Vegetable||Preparation||Blanching Time/ Chilling Time|
|Asparagus||Wash and sort stalks according to size, discarding blemished stalks. Break off ends. Stalks may be left whole or cut into 1-1/2" to 2" long pieces.||average diameter stalks - 3 minutes|
thicker stalks - 4 minutes.
|Green Beans||Snap off tips. Rinse, then cut or break into desired sizes or freeze smaller beans whole.||3-1/2 minutes.|
|Lima Beans||Wash, shell and sort beans according to size.||small and medium beans - 3 minutes|
large beans - 4 minutes
|Italian Snap Beans||Wash, snap off ends and slice into 1" to 1-1/2" pieces.||3-1/2 minutes.|
|Beets||For young, tender beets-|
Remove tops and cook until tender. Chill,then remove skins. Leave small beets whole. For medium to large beets, slice or cut into pieces. Pack into freezer boxes or bags.
|Broccoli||Remove leaves and tough ends. Cut through stalks lengthwise, leaving stems with 1" to 1-1/2" diameter heads, or cut into pieces. Soak in salt water (2 tablespoons salt to 1 quart water) to remove any insects and larvae. Rinse with tap water and drain.||pieces - 4 minutes|
stems - 5 minutes.
|Brussels Sprouts||Wash and trim any tough outer leaves. Soak in salt water (2 tablespoons salt to 1 quart water) to remove any insects and larvae. Rinse with tap water and drain.||medium sprouts - 4 minutes|
large sprouts - 5 minutes.
|Carrots||Remove tops, peel, and wash. Cut into 1/4" thick slices.||3-1/2 minutes.|
|Cauliflower||Remove leaves, trim and wash. Split into individual 1" to 1-1/2" pieces. Soak in salt water (2 tablespoons salt to 1 quart water) to remove any insects and larvae. Rinse with tap water and drain.||4 minutes.|
|Corn-on-the-Cob||Husk, remove silk and trim off ends. Blanch in a large stockpot with 10 - 12 quarts of boiling water.||24 small ears, under 1-1/4" diameter - 8 minutes|
14 medium ears, 1-1/4" to 1-1/2" diameter - 8 minutes
10 large ears, over 1-1/2" diameter - 11 minutes
Chilling time in ice water should be twice as long as blanching time
|Corn - Cut from cob||Husk, remove silk and trim off ends. Use a corn cob cutter or a curved grapefruit knife to remove kernels from cob.||4-1/2 minutes|
|Kohlrabi||Remove tops, wash, peel and cut into 1/2" cubes.||2-1/2 minutes.|
|Mushrooms||Wash and remove stems. Freeze smaller mushrooms whole|
Cut medium and large mushrooms into 1/4" slices.
To prevent browning, add 1 tablespoon lemon juice or 1/2 teaspoon ascorbic acid per quart of blanching water.
|small whole mushrooms - 4 minutes|
sliced mushrooms - 3 minutes.
|Onions||Chopped onions can be packed and frozen without blanching To freeze larger pieces of onions or small whole onions - Peel onions, wash, and cut into quarter sections (except very small whole onions).||1-1/2 minutes|
|Green Peas, shelled||Wash and shell peas.||1-1/2 to 2 minutes|
|Sugar Peas or Edible Pod Peas||Wash; Remove stems and blossom ends; Leave whole.||2-1/2 to 3 minutes|
|Peppers||Chopped bell peppers can be packed and frozen without blanching.|
For pepper halves or slices...Wash, remove stem and seeds. Cut in halves or slices
|halves - 3 minutes|
slices - 2 minutes.
|Pumpkin||Cut; scoop out seeds; peel; and cut into pieces. Bake or steam until tender. Cool, then strain in a ricer, food mill or process in a food processor until smooth. Pack into containers and freeze.||not applicable|
|Spinach||Sort; remove any blemished leaves and tough stems; Wash.||1-1/2 to 2 minutes|
|Zucchini||Select 5" to 7" long, tender zucchini. Wash, peel and cut into 1/4" to 1/2" slices.||1/4" slices - 3 minutes|
1/2" slices - 4 minutes
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