Iceland - Facts and Information
Long Name: Republic of Iceland
Short Name (local): Island
Long Name (local): Lydhveldidh Island
Member of European Union: No
International Dialing Code: +354
Capital City: Reykjavik
National Tourist Office: Icelandic Tourist Board, Iceland Tourist Board (USA)
Foreign Embassies in Iceland: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.
Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.
Nationality: Noun - Icelander(s), Adjective - Icelandic
Government Type: Constitutional republic
Ethnic Groups: Homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 87.1%, other Protestant 4.1%, Roman Catholic 1.7%, other 7.1% (2002)
Languages: Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
Monetary Unit: 1 krona = 100 aurar
Area: 103,000 sq km – slightly smaller than Kentucky
Climate: Temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers
Population: 293,966 (July 2004 est.)
Sex Ratio: 1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Median Age: 33.8 years, male 33.3 years, female 34.3 years (2004 est.)
Life Expectancy: 80.18 years, male 78.18 years, female 82.27 years (2004 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 0.97% (2004 est.)
Net Migration Rate: 2.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Unemployment Rate: 3.4% (2003 est.)
Gross National Income: US$30,810 (2003, World Bank)
Export Commodities: Fish and fish products 70%, animal products, aluminum, diatomite, ferrosilicon
Export Partners: Germany 17.4%, UK 17.4%, Netherlands 11.2%, US 9.8%, Spain 6.3%, Denmark 5%, Norway 4.5%, France 4% (2003 est.)
Import Commodities: Machinery and equipment, petroleum products; foodstuffs, textiles
Import Partners: Germany 11.8%, Denmark 8%, US 7.5%, UK 7.5%, Norway 7%, Sweden 6.5%, Netherlands 6.2%, Italy 4.7% (2003 est.)
Natural Resources: Fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite
Public Television: Icelandic National Broadcasting Service
Public Radio: Icelandic National Broadcasting Service
Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.
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