Finland - Facts and Information
Long Name: Republic of Finland
Short Name (local): Suomi
Long Name (local): Suomen Tasavalta
Member of European Union: Yes, 1995
International Dialing Code: +358
Capital City: Helsinki
National Tourist Office: Visit Finland
Foreign Embassies in Finland: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.
Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.
Nationality: Noun - Finn(s), Adjective - Finnish
Government Type: Republic
Ethnic Groups: Finn 93%, Swede 6%, Sami 0.11%, Roma 0.12%, Tatar 0.02%
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 89%, Russian Orthodox 1%, none 9%, other 1%
Languages: Finnish 93.4% (official), Swedish 5.9% (official), small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities
Monetary Unit: 1 Euro = 100 cents
Area: 338,145 sq km – slightly smaller than Montana
Climate: Cold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes
Population: 5,214,512 (July 2004 est.)
Sex Ratio: 0.96 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Median Age: 40.7 years, male 39.1 years, female 42.2 years (2004 est.)
Life Expectancy: 78.24 years, male 74.73 years, female 81.89 years (2004 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 0.18% (2004 est.)
Net Migration Rate: 0.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Unemployment Rate: 9% (2003 est.)
Gross National Income: US$27,020 (2003, World Bank)
Export Commodities: Machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals; timber, paper, pulp (1999)
Export Partners: Germany 11.8%, Sweden 9.9%, US 8.2%, UK 8%, Russia 7.5%, Netherlands 4.8% (2003 est.)
Import Commodities: Foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, transport equipment, iron and steel, machinery, textile yarn and fabrics, grains (1999)
Import Partners: Germany 16.2%, Sweden 14.1%, Russia 11.7%, Netherlands 6.3%, Denmark 5.7%, UK 5.3%, France 4.3% (2003 est.)
Natural Resources: Timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone
Public Television: Yleisradio Oy (YLE)
Public Radio: Yleisradio Oy (YLE)
Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.
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