Russia - Facts and Information
Long Name: Russian Federation
Short Name (local): Rossiya
Long Name (local): Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
Member of European Union: No
International Dialing Code: +7
Capital City: Moscow
National Tourist Office: Russian Tourism Department
Foreign Embassies in Russia: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.
Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.
Nationality: Noun - Russian(s), Adjective - Russian
Government Type: Federation
Ethnic Groups: Russian 81.5%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 3%, Chuvash 1.2%, Bashkir 0.9%, Belarusian 0.8%, Moldavian 0.7%, other 8.1% (1989)
Religions: Russian Orthodox, Muslim, other
Languages: Russian, other
Monetary Unit: 1 rouble = 100 kopecks
Area: 17,075,200 sq km - approximately 1.8 times the size of the US
Climate: Ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast
Population: 143,782,338 (July 2004 est.)
Sex Ratio: 0.87 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Median Age: 37.9 years, male 34.7 years, female 40.7 years (2004 est.)
Life Expectancy: 66.39 years, male 59.91 years, female 73.27 years (2004 est.)
Population Growth Rate: -0.45% (2004 est.)
Net Migration Rate: 1.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Population Below Poverty Line: 25% (January 2003 est.)
Unemployment Rate: 8.5% plus considerable underemployment (2003 est.)
Gross National Income: US$2,610 (2003, World Bank)
Export Commodities: Petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, wood and wood products, metals, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures
Export Partners: Germany 8.4%, Italy 6.2%, China 5.8%, Ukraine 5.7%, Belarus 5.7%, Netherlands 5.6%, Switzerland 5%, US 4.6% (2003 est.)
Import Commodities: machinery and equipment, consumer goods, medicines, meat, sugar, semi-finished metal products
Import Partners: Germany 15.4%, Belarus 7.7%, China 7.4%, Ukraine 6.6%, Italy 4.9%, US 4.6%, France 4.5%, Kazakhstan 4.1%, Finland 4.1% (2003 est.)
Natural Resources: Wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, timber
Public Television: Russia TV Channel
Public Radio: Radio Russia
Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.
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