Netherlands - Facts and Information
Long Name: Kingdom of the Netherlands
Short Name (local): Nederlanden
Long Name (local): Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
Member of European Union: Yes, 1957
International Dialing Code: +31
Capital City: Amsterdam; The Hague is the seat of government
National Tourist Office: Netherlands Board of Tourism
Foreign Embassies in the Netherlands: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.
Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.
Dependent Areas: Aruba, Netherlands Antilles
Nationality: Noun - Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women), Adjective - Dutch
Government Type: Constitutional monarchy
Ethnic Groups: Dutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-Western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamese and Indonesians) (1999 est.)
Religions: Roman Catholic 31%, Protestant 21%, Muslim 4.4%, other 3.6%, unaffiliated 40% (1998)
Languages: Dutch (official language), Frisian (official language)
Monetary Unit: 1 Euro = 100 cents
Area: 41,526 sq km - slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey
Climate: Temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Population: 16,318,199 (July 2004 est.)
Sex Ratio: 0.98 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Median Age: 38.7 years, male 37.9 years, female 39.6 years (2004 est.)
Life Expectancy: 78.68 years, male 76.15 years, female 81.34 years (2004 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 0.57% (2004 est.)
Net Migration Rate: 2.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Unemployment Rate: 5.3% (2003 est.)
Gross National Income: US$26,310 (2003, World Bank)
Export Commodities: Machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs
Export Partners: Germany 25.3%, Belgium 12.6%, France 10.2%, UK 10.1%, Italy 6%, US 4.5% (2003 est.)
Import Commodities: Machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs, clothing
Import Partners: Germany 18.2%, Belgium 10%, US 8%, UK 7.3%, China 6.2%, France 5% (2003 est.)
Natural Resources: Natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land
Public Television: NOS
Public Radio: NOS
Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.
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