Eritrea Country Facts

Eritrea Country Facts
Official Name: State of Eritrea

Alternate Names: Eritrea

Former Names: Eritrea Autonomous Region in Ethiopia

Capital City: Asmara

This flag can be purchased
Flag: Red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) dividing the flag into two right triangles; the upper triangle is green, the lower one is blue; a gold wreath encircling a gold olive branch is centered on the hoist side of the red triangle

Date of Independence: May 24, 1993 (from Ethiopia)

National Anthem: Eritrean National Anthem

Population: 4,362,254

Size/Area: 93,680 sq km. slightly larger than Pennsylvania

Land Locked: no

Coastline: 2,234 km

Bordering Countries: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan

Administrative Divisions: 6 regions (regions, singular - region); Central, Anelba, Southern Red Sea, Northern Red Sea, Southern, Gash-Barka

Major Cities: Massawa, Aseb

Languages: Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages

Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant

Major Holidays: Liberation Day (May 24), New Year's Day, Women's Day (March 8), Martyr's Day (June 20), Start of the Armed Struggle (September 1)

Currency: nakfa

Currency Code: ERN

Highest Point: Soira 3,018 m

Lowest Point: near Kulul within the Denakil depression -75 m

Bordering Bodies of Water: Red Sea

Bodies of Water: Red Sea

Climate: hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually); semiarid in western hills and lowlands; rainfall heaviest during June-September except in coastal desert

Major Industries: food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles

Major Agricultural Products: sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, coffee, sisal; livestock, goats; fish

Natural Resources:gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish

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