Buffalo and Catawba Grapes

Buffalo and Catawba Grapes
Buffalo and Catawba grapes are two wonderful grape varieties that are readily available. These are ideal for home gardens.

Buffalo Grape

This black seeded grape variety is very hardy. It is suited to zones 5 through 8. Buffalo grape originated at the Geneva Experiment Station in New York. The plant is resistant to most diseases.

The vigorous vine will need to be pruned. A Concord type grape, this easy to grow variety is ideal for home gardens and local markets. The very productive plant is an American hybrid.

It thrives in most all regions, and does very well in the Northwest and South. If the plant is hit by a late frost, the plant will usually rebloom and bear a crop of fruits.

The Buffalo grape is highly regarded and has been described as “the finest flavored early blue grape” and “one of the most delicious of all grapes.”

These grapes can vary in color. They can be black, reddish-purple, deep blue with a heavy bloom, blackish-red, or black. These ripen mid season about a week before Concord, usually the first or second week in October.

These high quality, aromatic grapes form large to medium sized, dense clusters. The slip skin medium sized grapes have very tender, transparent flesh. These have a wonderfully rich, distinctive, pleasing, sweet flavor with a hint of spice and tartness. Buffalo grapes are highly recommended for eating fresh, juice, and wine.

Catawba Grape

Of unknown origin, this variety has been around since 1823 or so. It originated in North Carolina. Hardy to zones 5 through 8, it is very popular among commercial growers.

This variety needs a long growing season to ripen properly, making it most suitable for the South and other warm areas. However, it still thrives in the Northeast and Midwest when given a good location.

The very vigorous plant experiences few disease problems other than mildew. Fruit thinning is recommended for the Catawba grape.

These are among the best grapes for storing for they store well until March or so. The fruits ripen mid season to very late, usually the third week of October.

Among the best of the late ripening red grapes, these usually ripen 2 weeks later than Concord. These form large, somewhat compact, dense clusters.

Catawba grapes can vary in color. They can be red-bronze, purple, reddish-purple, bronze red, or dull purplish. The medium sized fruits range from round to oval or spherical.

The grapes are very sweet and juicy with a foxy flavor. These versatile grapes are recommended for jellies, jam, and champagne. Catawba grape is widely used for wine and juice.

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This content was written by Connie Krochmal. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Connie Krochmal for details.