Surface, Workspace, Cameras in LightWave 3D
SurfacingOnce you have finished sculpting your model, you will want to set properties for its surface. This will determine the appearance of your model. Will it be shiny and reflective like glass or rough and dull like stone? You will "surface" your model in the Surface Editor which is available in both the Modeler and Layout programs.
The Surface Editor has four tabs. The Basic and Advanced tabs contain controls for setting surface properties such as color, transparency, alpha channel and bump. From the Environment tab, you can determine which aspects of the model's surroundings will be reflected onto the model such as the background image or color (Backdrop) and Ray Tracing. The controls in the Shaders tab will determine the texture on your model. For example, a brick texture has a rough surface with many peaks and valleys. The illusion of this 3D brick texture would be created with a shader. New to version 9 are new shading models and node-based editors for materials, displacements and light effects.
From within the Surface Editor, you can open the Texture Editor which has three basic texture types, Image Map, Gradient and Procedural Textures (grayscale bitmaps used to create the illusion of texture). There are several built-in Procedural Textures to choose from.
The Layout WorkspaceNow that your model is completed, it is ready to be positioned within your scene. As with most 3D software, your final image is called a scene. You will create this scene by positioning one or more models into the Layout Viewports. Then you will set the cameras, lighting and render properties for your scene. You will also use the Layout workspace to create animations.
The Modeler and Layout workspaces are very similar. As in the Modeler workspace, the Layout workspace also has several tabs across the top, including the new Modeler Tools tab which gives you access to some of the same tools you have in the Modeler workspace. As before, you have access to the Image and Surface editors and also have the addition of the Graph and Scene editors. Also part of the Layout workspace is the Content Manager which you will use to organize the objects and images for your scene. Finally, you have three new additions to the Viewport drop-down menu (Light, Camera and Schematic views).
CamerasAs mentioned above, a major part of your scene is the type and placement of the cameras. To make your job easier, LightWave has several camera presets that you can use as is or customize as you need. You have control over several properties in the Camera Properties dialog box including the amount of antialiasing, motion blur and depth of field. Also, you can save on rendering time by using a camera mask to render only a section of your scene. New to version 9, these camera presets are more like real world camera lenses and you can also create you own cameras.
Screen shots used by permission of NewTek, Inc. LightWave 3D is a registered trademark of NewTek, Inc.
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