Egypt Country Facts

Egypt Country Facts
Official Name: Arab Republic of Egypt

Capital City: Cairo

Egyptian FlagFlag: Three equal horizontal bands of red (on top), white, and black. The national emblem is centered in the white band. The national emblem is a gold Eagle of Saladin facing the hoist side. It has a shield on its chest above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic.

Date of Independence: February 28, 1992 from the United Kingdom although the first dynasty was established in 3150 BC.

National Anthem: Bilady, Bilady, Bilady

Population: 83,082,869

Egypt MapSize/Area: 1,001,450 sq km - A little larger than 3 times the size of New Mexico

Land Locked: No

Coastline: 2,450 km

Bordering Countries: Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya, Sudan

Administrative Divisions: Egypt is divided into 29 governorates. The governorates are then divided into regions.

Major Cities: Cairo, Alexandria, Giza, Shubra al-Khayma, Port Said, Suez, Mahalla al-Kubra, Tanta, Luxor, Mansura, Assyut, Zagazig, Ismailia, Fayoum, Aswan, Damanhur, Minya,
Qena, Sohag, Beni Suef, Shibin al-Kawm, Banha, Maadi, Kafr ash-Shaykh, Al-Arish, Akhmim, Damietta, Rosetta, Marsa Matruh

Languages: Arabic (official), English and French

Religions: Muslim 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%

Major Holidays: Sinai Liberation Day (April 25, Sinai only), 1 May Labour Day (May 1), National Day (July 23), 6 Oct Armed Forces Day (October 6).

Muslim holidays are observed. Their dates vary year to year and include Birth of the Prophet, Bairam Feast (End of Ramadan), Grand Feast, and Islamic New Year.

Egyptian 1 Pound NoteCurrency: Egyptian Pound (1 pound = 100 piastres)

Currency Code: EGP

Highest Point: Mount Catherine 2,629 m

Lowest Point: Qattara Depression -133 m

Bordering Bodies of Water: Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea

Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters

Major Industries: textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufacturing

Major Agricultural Products: cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats

Natural Resources: Petroleum and natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc.

Time Zone: UTC +2, UTC +3 (Daylight Savings Time)

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