Egypt Country Facts
Capital City: Cairo
Flag: Three equal horizontal bands of red (on top), white, and black. The national emblem is centered in the white band. The national emblem is a gold Eagle of Saladin facing the hoist side. It has a shield on its chest above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic.
Date of Independence: February 28, 1992 from the United Kingdom although the first dynasty was established in 3150 BC.
National Anthem: Bilady, Bilady, Bilady
Size/Area: 1,001,450 sq km - A little larger than 3 times the size of New Mexico
Land Locked: No
Coastline: 2,450 km
Bordering Countries: Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya, Sudan
Administrative Divisions: Egypt is divided into 29 governorates. The governorates are then divided into regions.
Major Cities: Cairo, Alexandria, Giza, Shubra al-Khayma, Port Said, Suez, Mahalla al-Kubra, Tanta, Luxor, Mansura, Assyut, Zagazig, Ismailia, Fayoum, Aswan, Damanhur, Minya,
Qena, Sohag, Beni Suef, Shibin al-Kawm, Banha, Maadi, Kafr ash-Shaykh, Al-Arish, Akhmim, Damietta, Rosetta, Marsa Matruh
Languages: Arabic (official), English and French
Religions: Muslim 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%
Major Holidays: Sinai Liberation Day (April 25, Sinai only), 1 May Labour Day (May 1), National Day (July 23), 6 Oct Armed Forces Day (October 6).
Muslim holidays are observed. Their dates vary year to year and include Birth of the Prophet, Bairam Feast (End of Ramadan), Grand Feast, and Islamic New Year.
Currency: Egyptian Pound (1 pound = 100 piastres)
Currency Code: EGP
Highest Point: Mount Catherine 2,629 m
Lowest Point: Qattara Depression -133 m
Bordering Bodies of Water: Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea
Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
Major Industries: textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufacturing
Major Agricultural Products: cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats
Natural Resources: Petroleum and natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc.
Time Zone: UTC +2, UTC +3 (Daylight Savings Time)
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