Madagascar Country Facts
Alternate Names: Madagascar, République Malgache
Former Names: Malagasy Republic
Capital City: Antananarivo
Flag: The Malagasy flag has two equal horizontal bands of red and green with a vertical white band of the same width on the hoist side.
Date of Independence: June 26, 1960 from France
National Anthem: Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô! (Oh, Our Beloved Fatherland)
Size/Area: 226,597 square miles, roughly twice the size of Arizona
Land Locked: No
Coastline: 3000 miles
Bordering Countries: None
Administrative Divisions: Madagascar is currently divided into 22 regions - Alaotra Mangoro, Amoron'i Mania, Analamanga, Analanjirofo, Androy, Anosy, Atsimo-Andrefana, Atsimo-Atsinanana, Atsinanana, Betsiboka, Boeny, Bongolava, Diana, Haute-Matsiatra, Ihorombe, Itasy, Melaky, Menabe, Sava, Sofia, Vakinankaratra, Vatovavy-Fitovinany
Major Cities: Antananarivo, Antsirabé, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga, Toamasina
Languages: Malagasy, French, English
Religions: Traditional Beliefs, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism
Major Holidays: New Year's Day, Commemoration of the 1947 Rebellion (March 29), Easter Monday (Dyngus Day), Workers or Labour Day (May 1), Independence Day (June 26), All Saints or Hallows Day (November 1), Christmas Day (December 25), Republic Day (December 30)
Currency: Malagasy Ariary
Currency Code: MGA
Highest Point: Maromokotro at 2876 feet above sea level
Lowest Point: Indian Ocean (0 miles)
Bordering Bodies of Water: Indian Ocean
Climate: The Malagasy climate is tropical along the coast, temperate inland, and arid in the south.
Major Industries: Meat processing, seafood, soap, breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism
Major Agricultural Products: Coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava, beans, bananas, peanuts, livestock products
Natural Resources: Graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower
Time Zone: UTC +3
Interesting Facts: The main island of Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world.
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