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BellaOnline's American Regional Cuisine Editor

Recipe Substitutions

Substitutions for a Missing Ingredient

Has it ever happened to you? Did you find a terrific recipe that you cannot wait to try? But when you get all the ingredients together you discover you are missing a key ingredient!

Not to worry- just try some of these substitutions:

1 square of chocolate (1 ounce) = 3-4 Tablespoons cocoa plus ½ Tablespoon shortening

1 Tablespoon cornstarch (for thickening) = 2 Tablespoons flour

1 cup sifted all-purpose flour = 1 cup plus 2 Tablespoons sifted cake flour

1 teaspoon baking powder = ¼ teaspoon baking soda plus ½ teaspoon cream of tartar

1 cup sour milk = 1 cup sweet milk into which 1 Tablespoon of vinegar or lemon juice has been stirred; or 1 cup buttermilk (let stand 5 minutes)

¾ cup cracker crumbs = 1 cup bread crumbs

1 cup heavy sour cream = 1/3 cup butter and 2/3 cup sour milk

1 cup whole milk = ½ cup evaporated milk and ½ cup water or 1 cup reconstituted nonfat dry milk and 1 Tablespoon of butter

1 package active dry yeast = 1 cake compressed yeast

1 Tablespoon instant minced onion, rehydrated = 1 small fresh onion

1 Tablespoon prepared mustard = 1 tsp dry mustard

1/8 teaspoon garlic powder = 1 small pressed clove of garlic

1 pound whole dates = 1 ½ cups pitted and cut dates

3 medium bananas = 1 cup mashed banana

3 cups dry cornflakes = 1 cup crushed corn flakes

10 miniature marshmallows = 1 large marshmallow

Another dilemma- you found a great recipe but it calls for wine or liquor! Sure everyone tells me that the alcohol cooks out, but don’t have alcohol on hand and don’t want to buy any.

Here is some suggestions for substituting alcohol in recipes that:

Substitutions for Wine and Liquor :

In soup and entrees-

Dry (unsweet) red wine:
• Water
• Tomato juice (plain or diluted)
• Beef broth, bouillon or consommé
• Diluted cider vinegar or red wine vinegar
• Liquid drained from canned mushrooms

Dry (unsweet) white wine:
• Water
• Chicken broth, bouillon or consommé
• Ginger ail
• White grape juice
• Liquid drained from canned mushrooms
• Diluted cider vinegar or white wine vinegar

In cheese dishes (fondue or rarebit)
Beer or Ale:
• Chicken broth
• Ginger ale
• White grape juice

In Desserts-

• Apple cider, peach or apricot syrup
• Pineapple juice or syrup flavored with almond extract
• Orange or pineapple juice
• Syrup or juice from black cherries, raspberries, boysenberries, currents, grapes or cherry cider
• Juice from peaches, apricots or pears
Crème de Menthe:
• Spearmint extract or oil of spearmint diluted with water

Enjoy cooking!

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