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Iceland - Facts and Information

Guest Author - Lisa Shea

Short Name: Iceland

Long Name: Republic of Iceland

Short Name (local): Island

Long Name (local): Lydhveldidh Island

Member of European Union: No

International Dialing Code: +354

Capital City: Reykjavik

National Tourist Office: Icelandic Tourist Board, Iceland Tourist Board (USA)

Foreign Embassies in Iceland: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.

Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.

Nationality: Noun - Icelander(s), Adjective - Icelandic

Government Type: Constitutional republic

Ethnic Groups: Homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 87.1%, other Protestant 4.1%, Roman Catholic 1.7%, other 7.1% (2002)

Languages: Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken

Monetary Unit: 1 krona = 100 aurar

Area: 103,000 sq km slightly smaller than Kentucky

Climate: Temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers

Population: 293,966 (July 2004 est.)

Sex Ratio: 1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Median Age: 33.8 years, male 33.3 years, female 34.3 years (2004 est.)

Life Expectancy: 80.18 years, male 78.18 years, female 82.27 years (2004 est.)

Population Growth Rate: 0.97% (2004 est.)

Net Migration Rate: 2.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Unemployment Rate: 3.4% (2003 est.)

Gross National Income: US$30,810 (2003, World Bank)

Export Commodities: Fish and fish products 70%, animal products, aluminum, diatomite, ferrosilicon

Export Partners: Germany 17.4%, UK 17.4%, Netherlands 11.2%, US 9.8%, Spain 6.3%, Denmark 5%, Norway 4.5%, France 4% (2003 est.)

Import Commodities: Machinery and equipment, petroleum products; foodstuffs, textiles

Import Partners: Germany 11.8%, Denmark 8%, US 7.5%, UK 7.5%, Norway 7%, Sweden 6.5%, Netherlands 6.2%, Italy 4.7% (2003 est.)

Natural Resources: Fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite

Public Television: Icelandic National Broadcasting Service

Public Radio: Icelandic National Broadcasting Service


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Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.


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Content copyright © 2014 by Lisa Shea. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Lisa Shea. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact BellaOnline Administration for details.

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