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Finland - Facts and Information

Guest Author - Lisa Shea

Short Name: Finland

Long Name: Republic of Finland

Short Name (local): Suomi

Long Name (local): Suomen Tasavalta

Member of European Union: Yes, 1995

International Dialing Code: +358

Capital City: Helsinki

National Tourist Office: Visit Finland

Foreign Embassies in Finland: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.

Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.

Nationality: Noun - Finn(s), Adjective - Finnish

Government Type: Republic

Ethnic Groups: Finn 93%, Swede 6%, Sami 0.11%, Roma 0.12%, Tatar 0.02%

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 89%, Russian Orthodox 1%, none 9%, other 1%

Languages: Finnish 93.4% (official), Swedish 5.9% (official), small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities

Monetary Unit: 1 Euro = 100 cents

Area: 338,145 sq km slightly smaller than Montana

Climate: Cold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes

Population: 5,214,512 (July 2004 est.)

Sex Ratio: 0.96 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Median Age: 40.7 years, male 39.1 years, female 42.2 years (2004 est.)

Life Expectancy: 78.24 years, male 74.73 years, female 81.89 years (2004 est.)

Population Growth Rate: 0.18% (2004 est.)

Net Migration Rate: 0.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Unemployment Rate: 9% (2003 est.)

Gross National Income: US$27,020 (2003, World Bank)

Export Commodities: Machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals; timber, paper, pulp (1999)

Export Partners: Germany 11.8%, Sweden 9.9%, US 8.2%, UK 8%, Russia 7.5%, Netherlands 4.8% (2003 est.)

Import Commodities: Foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, transport equipment, iron and steel, machinery, textile yarn and fabrics, grains (1999)

Import Partners: Germany 16.2%, Sweden 14.1%, Russia 11.7%, Netherlands 6.3%, Denmark 5.7%, UK 5.3%, France 4.3% (2003 est.)

Natural Resources: Timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone

Public Television: Yleisradio Oy (YLE)

Public Radio: Yleisradio Oy (YLE)


Countries of Europe - Facts and Information
Albania | Andorra | Austria | Belarus | Belgium | Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia
Faroe Islands | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Greenland
Hungary | Iceland | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein | Lithuania
Luxembourg | Macedonia | Malta | Moldova | Monaco | Netherlands
Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | San Marino
Serbia & Montenegro | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden
Switzerland | Turkey | Ukraine | United Kingdom | Vatican City



Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.


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Content copyright © 2014 by Lisa Shea. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Lisa Shea. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Nadine Shores for details.

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