g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
News & Politics
Religion & Spirituality
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

Bored? Games!
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

Natural Living
Folklore and Mythology
Distance Learning

All times in EST

Low Carb: 8:00 PM

Full Schedule
g Veterans Site

BellaOnline's Veterans Editor


Troops Exposed to Nerve Agents – the Benefits

Guest Author - Evelyn Rainey

Belladonna – otherwise known as deadly nightshade - has been used by herbalists and assassins for millennia. Called dwale in Old English, its name came from either the Scandinavian dool (to delay or to sleep) or the French dueil (grief). Deadly sums it up, although in small increments, it has very valuable uses (other than poisoning someone).

During the Parthian Wars, the troops of Marcus Antonius were likely poisoned by belladonna. During the reign of Duncan I of Scotland, MacBeth’s soldiers supposedly poisoned an invading Danish Army by mixing belladonna into liquor and giving the bottles to the Danes during a truce. The name Atropa Belladonna is derived from Bellona, a goddess of war, and Atropas, the Greek Fate who “held the shears to cut the thread of human life.” It was used as an anesthetic from the time of the Romans up through World War One. As late as the 1900’s, it was used by optometrists to dilate the eyes. According to Mrs. M. Grieve F.R.H.S. in A Modern Herbal, it was used when the physician needed something to make the patient salivate, lacrimate, urinate, defecate, have a gastro-intestinal movement (as an antispasmodic) and/or emesis (vomit). It was also used to slow the heartbeat in patients with cardiac palpitation. Its medicinal properties are attributed to the amount of atropine in the plants’ roots.

Atropine. salivation, lacrimation, urination, defecation, gastro-intestinal distress and emesis (vomiting); aka SLUDGE. If you have read the two previous articles about troops being exposed to nerve agents, you will recognize these words.

Atropine is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. It occurs naturally in plants like belladonna and daffodils. Chemically, it is used as weapons (nerve agents) and pesticides. Medically, it is used to treat myasthenia gravis and forms of dementia, such as Alzheimer's and Dementia with Lewy Bodies.

When you think of the battles you must wage throughout life, one of the most terrifying is that of dementia. Simple absent-mindedness spirals into complete
memory loss and the inability to perform the most basic independent maneuver. When it was first diagnosed in 1906, the sufferers ranged in age from 45 to 65. Now, victims are older, but the average life span has extended, too. However, once diagnosed, life expectancy is about seven years. A very small percentage of patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's survive past fourteen years.

In 2008, (about four years after the second study was released of the troops exposed to nerve agents at the Edgewood Arsenal stating, “There were only two statistically significant differences: volunteers in anticholinesterase agent tests reported fewer attention problems than those in other chemical tests and greater sleep disturbance than those in no chemical tests.”) the cholinesterase inhibitors (aka anticholinesterase agents) donepezil (brand name Aricept), galantamine (Razadyne), and rivastigmine (branded as Exelon and Exelon Patch) were approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMEA) to treat the cognitive manifestations for the management of Alzheimer’s Dementia and Dementia with Lewy Bodies.

Maybe you cannot draw a straight line from the experiments performed on the troops at the Edgewood Arsenal to these three snippets of hope for sufferers of dementia and their care-givers. But there is a linear connection between plants such as belladonna and daffodils and their utilization by the step-brothers Military and Medicine. This alliance mutated into the development of pesticides and weapons of mass destruction. But it also evolved into pharmaceutical drugs which may improve the quality of life.

Remember the letter to the president of the United States written in 1855 by Chief Seattle of the Dewamish tribe, “What affects the Earth, will also affect the Earth’s children.”
This site needs an editor - click to learn more!

Add Troops+Exposed+to+Nerve+Agents++%96+the+Benefits to Twitter Add Troops+Exposed+to+Nerve+Agents++%96+the+Benefits to Facebook Add Troops+Exposed+to+Nerve+Agents++%96+the+Benefits to MySpace Add Troops+Exposed+to+Nerve+Agents++%96+the+Benefits to Del.icio.us Digg Troops+Exposed+to+Nerve+Agents++%96+the+Benefits Add Troops+Exposed+to+Nerve+Agents++%96+the+Benefits to Yahoo My Web Add Troops+Exposed+to+Nerve+Agents++%96+the+Benefits to Google Bookmarks Add Troops+Exposed+to+Nerve+Agents++%96+the+Benefits to Stumbleupon Add Troops+Exposed+to+Nerve+Agents++%96+the+Benefits to Reddit

Troops Exposed to Nerve Agents - the Basics
Troops Exposed to Nerve Agents - Long Term Effects
Related Articles
Editor's Picks Articles
Top Ten Articles
Previous Features
Site Map

For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Veterans Newsletter

Past Issues

Printer Friendly
tell friend
Tell a Friend
Email Editor

Content copyright © 2015 by Evelyn Rainey. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Evelyn Rainey. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact BellaOnline Administration for details.


g features
Army Infantry Iron Man Suit is a reality

Sad Sack

A Salute to our Veterans

Archives | Site Map


Past Issues

Less than Monthly

BellaOnline on Facebook

| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2016 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.

BellaOnline Editor