logo
g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
Money
News & Politics
Relationships
Religion & Spirituality
Sports
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

dailyclick
Bored? Games!
Nutrition
Postcards
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

new
European Travel
Action Movies
Bible Basics
Houseplants
Romance Movies
Creativity
Family Travel


dailyclick
All times in EST

Clairvoyance: 08:00 PM

Full Schedule
g
g Special Education Site

BellaOnline's Special Education Editor

g

Visual Processing Problems

Guest Author - Kristie Melkers

Visual processing problems can be challenging to address in the child with special needs. Some children have good visual acuity, but lack depth perception. Some have functional depth perception, but losses in parts of their visual field. There are children who have use of a complete visual field some days but not others. It is not difficult to understand how challenges like these can impact learning.

Children with autism sometimes use their peripheral vision to see and interact with the world. They may use their hands or create movement with objects in the areas lateral to their eyes. This behavior is called stimming. The children are creating their own visual input for the brain to process. Peripheral vision is easier for the brain to use. In a developing child, central vision matures after peripheral vision. It is a higher order neurologic function. It demands more from the brain, resulting in fatigue for children who have visual processing problems. In the classroom, teachers may see a child approach a book with their head slightly turned to the side. They may view computer monitors with their peripheral vision. If they use their central vision for a time, they often revert to using their peripheral vision when they begin to tire.

For children who have problems with depth perception, the world can appear to be full of cliffs and sporadic holes. A tile floor that is black and white checkerboard can look like a maze with precipitous drop-offs. Add to that walls that are also tiled with black and white checkerboard and it is not difficult to understand reluctance to enter that room. Walking surfaces that have color changes, such as black asphalt to gray concrete can cause the same problem. The child may suddenly stop before the color change and tap the surface with their foot to determine if what their brain is telling them is a drop-off is really there. Navigating stairs can be difficult as well. If they try to engage their vision to look down, what they perceive is that they are descending into a drop-off. So, many children will disengage their visual system by purposefully not looking down and will use their foot to tap each step before descending carefully.

Visual discrimination can be affected as well. A child with visual discrimination problems can have trouble picking a piece of popcorn out of a bowl of popcorn. They will have difficulty isolating an individual item in a dense grouping of identical items. If reading material is cluttered, without adequate contrast between lettering or pictures and the background, the child will have a tough time making sense of it.

School districts have vision specialists that can perform a functional visual assessment for a child who has vision problems. They will then determine with the IEP team whether consultation or direct instruction is needed to support the child in the classroom. Some children who have less severe visual processing problems may not qualify for the services of a vision teacher through the school system. There are vision therapists in many cities who can evaluate the childís visual abilities and design a program of exercises that can help integrate the nervous system to function better.

Visual processing problems can impact a studentís learning, but there are many strategies and therapies that can help. For more information, talk to your childís teacher and pediatrician to see what resources are available.
Add Visual+Processing+Problems to Twitter Add Visual+Processing+Problems to Facebook Add Visual+Processing+Problems to MySpace Add Visual+Processing+Problems to Del.icio.us Digg Visual+Processing+Problems Add Visual+Processing+Problems to Yahoo My Web Add Visual+Processing+Problems to Google Bookmarks Add Visual+Processing+Problems to Stumbleupon Add Visual+Processing+Problems to Reddit




RSS | Related Articles | Editor's Picks Articles | Top Ten Articles | Previous Features | Site Map


For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Special Education Newsletter


Past Issues


print
Printer Friendly
bookmark
Bookmark
tell friend
Tell a Friend
forum
Forum
email
Email Editor


Content copyright © 2014 by Kristie Melkers. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Kristie Melkers. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Celestine A. Jones for details.

g


g features
Special Education Facts

Planning For Future Success

Ways to Increase Reading Skills

Archives | Site Map

forum
Forum
email
Contact

Past Issues
memberscenter


vote
Poetry
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Less than Monthly



BellaOnline on Facebook
g


| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2014 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.


BellaOnline Editor