logo
g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
Money
News & Politics
Relationships
Religion & Spirituality
Sports
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

dailyclick
Bored? Games!
Nutrition
Postcards
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

new
European Travel
Action Movies
Bible Basics
Houseplants
Romance Movies
Creativity
Family Travel


dailyclick
All times in EST

Clairvoyance: 08:00 PM

Full Schedule
g
g Genealogy Site

BellaOnline's Genealogy Editor

g

Land Records


Land records are a transfer of real (not personal) property. There are two types of land records: State Land (Metes & Bounds) and Public Land (Township & Range). Two formats: Patents or Grants and Deeds. There should be 2 records of each land transaction—Acquisition and Disposal.

What Can Be Learned In Land Records?

• Dates of residence.
• Lay of land—names of creeks, roads, etc.
• Approximate age of individuals.
• Occupation.
• Wife or wives first names.
• Earlier or later places of residence.
• Approximate dates of death.
• Relationships and heirs.
• Neighbors and Communities.

Where are Land Records Found?

• Counties, State Archives, State Land Offices (entries, surveys, and patent or grants)
• County Court (Deed books and often separate books for Mortgages, Leases, Agreements, etc.)
• Probate Court (Will books and/or administration & settlement books for Intestate deaths)
• Chancery or Equity Court (Land Partition Suits)
• Bureau of Land Management online or NARA.
• (Printed Books, Family History Library Microfilm, and PERSI in periodicals)

Here is some vocabulary to be familiar with when reviewing land records:

• Grantor (Direct, 1st part)—Seller.
• Grantee (Indirect, 2nd part)—Buyer.
• Dower—Widow’s guaranteed third of land in husband’s estate.
• Fee Simple—Owner owns the land and can dispose of it as he likes.
• Equity—Cases between individuals in Chancery Court.

Metes & Bounds Land (State-Land)
• Original 13 Colonies plus Kentucky, Tennessee, West Virginia, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, Texas, and Hawaii (=21 total).
• Descriptions dependent on physical features–
“From a red oak, north XX degrees, east XX poles to name’s line, thence, ….”
• Examples online:
 Library of Virginia http://www.lva.lib.va.us/whatwehave/land/index.htm
 Secretary of State Office Kentucky:
http://www.kysos.com/Admin/landoffice/landoffice.asp

How was Land Acquired?

• Grant or Patent from Crown, Colony, Proprietor, State, or Federal Governments.
• Headrights, Land Lottery--any settler had right to X# Acres.
• Bounty Land for military Service, both State & Federal.
• Assignment or purchase of another’s right.
• Preemption (Private Settlement prior to establishing Land Office).
• Sheriff’s sale of unpaid tax land.
• Inheritance.
• Deed of transfer from another person.

Steps to Grants or Patents

• ENTRY--register claim to particular tract at Court House or Capital of Colony or State.

• WARRANT--paper received when “entered”, allowing for survey.

• SURVEY--at persons own cost, but usually done by County surveyor.

• GRANT/PATENT--ownership paper received on return to Court House or Capital of Colony/State to register survey.

• Distinction in Virginia: Patent = Colonial period;
Grant = By State in Federal period.

Parts of a Land Deed

• Parties (Names)
• Locations (county and state of residence of each)
• Payment (in dollars or pounds)
• Property Description (township/range or metes/bounds)
• Chain of Title (mainly in metes and bounds States; rarely in Public Land States.)
• Guarantees (“to Have and to Hold Forever”)
• “Signatures” (the clerks’ writing, not actual signatures)
• Witnesses (may be neighbors or relatives)
• Dower Release (wife’s name)
• Acknowledgement, Receipts, and Recording Info.

Public Land

• Ordinance of 1785 established Townships and Ranges.
• For 29 States from Ohio, Michigan, and Alabama to the west and including Florida.
• First sale = 1787; most sales were after 1796 due to length of time required to get process going.
• Process:
o Settle Indian Claims.
o Survey.
o Announce Land opening.
o Settle preemption claims (persons previously settled there).
o Open Federal Land Office locally.
o Local Federal Land Office sells land.

• Descriptions--“640 acres in the southwest quarter of Section 4, Township 14, Range 7, X County, Y State.”






Add Land+Records to Twitter Add Land+Records to Facebook Add Land+Records to MySpace Add Land+Records to Del.icio.us Digg Land+Records Add Land+Records to Yahoo My Web Add Land+Records to Google Bookmarks Add Land+Records to Stumbleupon Add Land+Records to Reddit




RSS | Related Articles | Editor's Picks Articles | Top Ten Articles | Previous Features | Site Map




For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Genealogy Newsletter


Past Issues


print
Printer Friendly
bookmark
Bookmark
tell friend
Tell a Friend
forum
Forum
chat
Live Chat
email
Email Editor


Content copyright © 2014 by Tina Sansone. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Tina Sansone. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Tina Sansone for details.

g


g features
The Lost Pensions Review

One of a Kind Books by TN Genealogical Society

Your Story To Tell

Archives | Site Map

forum
Forum
email
Contact

Past Issues
memberscenter


vote
Poetry
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Less than Monthly



BellaOnline on Facebook
g


| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2014 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.


BellaOnline Editor