logo
g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
Money
News & Politics
Relationships
Religion & Spirituality
Sports
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

dailyclick
Bored? Games!
Nutrition
Postcards
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

new
European Travel
Action Movies
Bible Basics
Houseplants
Romance Movies
Creativity
Family Travel


dailyclick
All times in EST

Low Carb: 8:00 PM

Full Schedule
g
g Art Appreciation Site

BellaOnline's Art Appreciation Editor

g

Ancient Columns & Greek Revival Architecture


Temples were built in ancient Greece using three orders of columns. Wanting to emulate this style, Thomas Jefferson was the architect of neo-classical buildings in the United States.

Most Greek temples are fine examples of the Doric or Ionic orders.
The Doric order was the earliest and simplest of all three columns. It is thicker than the others and top of the column (capital) is plain, without a column base.

The Ionic order began in the Greek cities of Ionia (on the western coast of modern Turkey). It has thinner columns, a decorated capital (volute). The decoration may have been inspired by the curve of a ramís horn.

Lastly, the Corinthian column, originally designed by Callimachus, was the most elaborate. Acanthus leaves were carved around the capital, possibly smaller leaves on the bottom rising to larger leaves on top. A smaller version of the volutes (helix) may have been incorporated. The Corinthian style was particularly popular with the Romans.

In the second half of the 18th century, expeditions to Greece would help foster the first volume of "The Antiquities of Athens," published in 1762.
In the 19th century archeological digs were organized by Greece, France, and Germany. Interest in the classical period brought about excavations in the cities of Delphi and Olympia.

Wanting to emulate the Greek style in architecture, what is known as "Greek Revival" was prevalent from 1818-1850 in the U.S. and abroad. Colonial and Georgian style houses were changed so as to resemble the Parthenon of Greece.

In the U.S., Thomas Jefferson, minister to France in 1784, studied architecture while in Europe. He owned a copy of "The Antiquities of Athens" and was also impressed with drawings by Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio, who was influenced by ancient Rome.

Thomas Jefferson, as architect, introduced neo-classical architecture to the U.S. with the Virginia state capitol at Richmond, his home at Monticello (1767-1770), and the University of Virginia (1825).

Other fine examples of Greek Revival architecture are: William Stricklandís "Second Bank of the U.S." (Philadelphia 1824) and Alexander Parrisí "Faneuil Hall" (Boston 1825-1826).

You can own a print of Thomas Jefferson's Monticello home, available here from Allposters.com.
Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia




Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia


Buy This Allposters.com



For a nice photographic print of Boston's Faneuil Hall (with Greek Revival pillars on left building), click here to visit Allposters.com.
Faneuil Hall




Faneuil Hall


Sanders, Walter


Buy This Allposters.com

Add Ancient+Columns+%26+Greek+Revival+Architecture to Twitter Add Ancient+Columns+%26+Greek+Revival+Architecture to Facebook Add Ancient+Columns+%26+Greek+Revival+Architecture to MySpace Add Ancient+Columns+%26+Greek+Revival+Architecture to Del.icio.us Digg Ancient+Columns+%26+Greek+Revival+Architecture Add Ancient+Columns+%26+Greek+Revival+Architecture to Yahoo My Web Add Ancient+Columns+%26+Greek+Revival+Architecture to Google Bookmarks Add Ancient+Columns+%26+Greek+Revival+Architecture to Stumbleupon Add Ancient+Columns+%26+Greek+Revival+Architecture to Reddit




RSS | Related Articles | Editor's Picks Articles | Top Ten Articles | Previous Features | Site Map


For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Art Appreciation Newsletter


Past Issues


print
Printer Friendly
bookmark
Bookmark
tell friend
Tell a Friend
forum
Forum
email
Email Editor


Content copyright © 2014 by Camille Gizzarelli. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Camille Gizzarelli. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Camille Gizzarelli for details.

g


g features
Goya & Wyeth Exhibit at MFA Boston

Science Reveals Mystery of Michelangelo

McQueen & Schiaparelli Design Inspired by Art

Archives | Site Map

forum
Forum
email
Contact

Past Issues
memberscenter


vote
Poetry
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Less than Monthly



BellaOnline on Facebook
g


| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2014 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.


BellaOnline Editor