Guest Author - Barbara Swiech
Poland can boast of three mountains ranges: Swietokrzyskie Mountains, Sudetes and the Karpaten (with the highest peaks of the country situated in the Tatras). They all differ a lot from each other. Ranges offer various plants and wild nature. All three of them are situated in southern part of the country.
Swietokrzyskie Mountains are situated south east part of Poland and after Sudeten they belong to the oldest ranges in the country and Europe. They were formed in Caledonian orogeny. They are not high however as the highest peak – Lysica - is only 612 meters high. The biggest city next to Swietokrzyskie mountains is Kielce. The range offers also one of Polish protected areas – Swietokrzyskie National Parks.
Sudetes are mountains situated in eastern part of Germany, northern Czech republic and south-western part of Poland. The highest peak of Sudetes called Sniezka is situated on the border between Poland and Czech Republic and it is 1602 meters high (part off Karkonosze Mountains). The most tourist cities, situated on the Polish side, are Karpacz and Szklarska Poreba where the Poles flee during the winter break. They were formed, just like Swietokrzyskie Mountains, during Caledonian Orogeny. Sudetes are much wider range and stretches on the western and southern part of Poland. They offer ski resorts. For funs of winter sports.
Carpathians belong to the widest mountain range in Europe. They stretch not only through Poland but also through Slovakia, Czech Republic, Ukraine, Hungary, Romania and Serbia, forming arc that runs across central and eastern Europe. Mountains that belong to the range within Poland are: Beskiden (not too high but with beautiful forests on the hills), Pieniny (with superb nature), Bieszczady (probably the widest and the least visited therefore called ‘Wild West’) and the Tatras with the highest peak of Carpathians (Gerlach, 2655 meters, located in Slovakia) and the highest peak of Poland (Rysy, 2499 meters). Some of the most popular Polish tourist resorts – like Zakopane – are situated at the feet of the Tatras.