g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
News & Politics
Religion & Spirituality
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

Bored? Games!
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

Natural Living
Folklore and Mythology
Distance Learning

All times in EST

Full Schedule
g Polish Culture Site

BellaOnline's Polish Culture Editor


Adam Mickiewicz, great poet of two nations

Guest Author - Barbara Swiech

Most probably every nation has its greatest poets that, during hardships that their country went through, reminded of its wonderful periods and encouraged citizens with their works. One of such poets in Poland is Adam Mickiewicz, writer of Romanticism, who lived during the partition – period when Poland did not exist on the world’s map. As before the partition Poland and Lithuania formed one country, called Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the multicultural character of this artist should not surprise. Mickiewicz is not only thought to be one of Poland’s Three Bards (with Juliusz Slowacki and Zygmunt Krasinski) but he is also a valued writer of Lithuania.

Adam Mickiewicz was born in the part of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth that now is located in Belarus. He lived and studied in Vilnius (today’s capital of Lithuania). Already at young age, Mickiewicz became interested in Polish and Lithuanian history, what influenced his later works a lot. Together with his friends, he formed a secret organization called ‘Philomaths’ that aimed at country’s independence from Russian Empire.

Very often there is a dispute over Mickiewicz’s nationality. The Poles would most likely say that he was Polish, while the Lithuanians claim Mickiewicz was Lithuanian. Most probably it would be very hard for Mickiewicz to assign himself to any of the two nationalities. As he was born during the times when neither Poland nor Lithuania existed as independent countries, but was brought with the strong memories (brought by his ancestors) of 400 years of co-existence of the two nations, his dream was to gain the very same state of affairs from the time before the partitions.

Greatest works of Adam Mickiewicz tell about the times when the country was strong and when family and tradition were the most important things. He was interested in Slavic literature but was also influenced by mysticism (what one can see in some of his books). Mickiewicz believed in Messianic philosophy that explained the situation of Poland comparing it to messiah who suffers for others sake and freedom.

Although most of Mickiewicz’s ancestors derived from Lithuanian nobility, he spoke only Polish (or at least treated Polish as his mother tongue). All of his works are in Polish although the most popular one – called ‘Pan Tadeusz’ (Sir Thaddeus) - starts with words: ‘Lithuania, my homeland’. For Mickiewicz there was almost no distinction between Poland and Lithuania, as both of them were for the poet components of the country that he dreamt of.
This site needs an editor - click to learn more!

Add Adam+Mickiewicz%2C+great+poet+of+two+nations to Twitter Add Adam+Mickiewicz%2C+great+poet+of+two+nations to Facebook Add Adam+Mickiewicz%2C+great+poet+of+two+nations to MySpace Add Adam+Mickiewicz%2C+great+poet+of+two+nations to Digg Adam+Mickiewicz%2C+great+poet+of+two+nations Add Adam+Mickiewicz%2C+great+poet+of+two+nations to Yahoo My Web Add Adam+Mickiewicz%2C+great+poet+of+two+nations to Google Bookmarks Add Adam+Mickiewicz%2C+great+poet+of+two+nations to Stumbleupon Add Adam+Mickiewicz%2C+great+poet+of+two+nations to Reddit

RSS | Related Articles | Editor's Picks Articles | Top Ten Articles | Previous Features | Site Map

For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Polish Culture Newsletter

Past Issues

Printer Friendly
tell friend
Tell a Friend
Email Editor

Content copyright © 2018 by Barbara Swiech. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Barbara Swiech. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact BellaOnline Administration for details.


g features
Old Good Marriage, sung Polish poetry

In Darkness, a film review

Bolek and Lolek cartoon

Archives | Site Map


Past Issues

Note: BellaOnline uses cookies to help provide a consistent user experience. Our advertisers may use cookies to help customize ads. Please contact us with any question about our cookie use.

Summertime Foods
Corn on the Cob
Burgers on the Grill
Apple Pie


| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2018 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.

BellaOnline Editor