#### Multiplication Facts - 12s Don’t allow the twelve timetables to frighten you. They are full of patterns which make mental math and memorization easier than you think.

Twelve Timetables

Wow, you’ve made it to the twelve timetables! Don’t stop practicing all the other timetables. We’ll use them to learn the 12s. Let’s start with finding patterns. Patterns are helpful when you take the initiative to write the timetables on an assignment or test before you begin to work any problems. Then, use the patterns to check for accuracy.

12 x 1 = 12
12 x 2 = 24
12 x 3 = 36
12 x 4 = 48
12 x 5 = 60
12 x 6 =72
12 x 7 = 84
12 x 8 = 96
12 x 9 = 108
12 x 10 =120

Pattern One: Look at 12 x 1 through 12 x 4. The tens digit in the product is the same as the number multiplied by twelve. Thereafter, the tens digit in the product / answer is one more than the 2nd factor or number multiplied by twelve.

Pattern Two: The digit in the ones place of the product skip counts by 2 and starts over after the count reaches 8.

Pattern Three: The first digit in the product are in numerical order with the exception ‘5’ and ‘11’ are skipped.

Mental Strategy for 12 x12 thru 12 x 19

12 x 12 = 144
12 x 13 = 156
12 x 14 = 168

Example: 12 x 13 =
Steps:
1. To get the first two numbers of the answer: Add 12 and the ones digit of the other number. 12 + 3 = 15
**2. To get the last digit of the answer: Multiply “2” which is the ones digit of “12” and the ones digit of the other number. In this case, “3.” 2 x 3 = 6
3. Thus, the answer is 156.

**When the sum in step two is larger than nine. . .
Example:
12 x 15 =
Step 1) To get the first two numbers of the answer: Add 12 and the ones digit of the other number. 12 + 5 =17
Step 2) To get the last digit of the answer: Multiply “2” which is the ones digit of “12” and the ones digit of the other number. In this case, “5.” 2 x 5 = 10
(The zero is the last digit of the answer. The “1” is added to the 17....thus the answer is 180)

12 x 16 = 192
12 x 17 = 204
12 x 18 = 216
12 x 19 = 228

Did you notice the previous patterns still apply?

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