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Poland - Facts and Information

Guest Author - Lisa Shea

Short Name: Poland

Long Name: Republic of Poland

Short Name (local): Polska

Long Name (local): Rzeczpospolita Polska

Member of European Union: Yes, 2004

International Dialing Code: +48

Capital City: Warsaw

National Tourist Office: Polish National Tourist Office

Foreign Embassies in Poland: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.

Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.

Nationality: Noun - Pole(s), Adjective - Polish

Government Type: Republic

Ethnic Groups: Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other 2.7% (2002)

Religions: Roman Catholic 95% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, and other 5%

Languages: Polish

Monetary Unit: 1 zloty = 100 groszy

Area: 312,685 sq km slightly smaller than New Mexico

Climate: Temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers

Population: 38,626,349 (July 2004 est.)

Sex Ratio: 0.94 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Median Age: 36.2 years, male 34.3 years, female 38.2 years (2004 est.)

Life Expectancy: 74.16 years, male 70.04 years, female 78.52 years (2004 est.)

Population Growth Rate: 0.02% (2004 est.)

Net Migration Rate: -0.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line: 18.4% (2000 est.)

Unemployment Rate: 20% (2003)

Gross National Income: US$5,270 (2003, World Bank)

Export Commodities: Machinery and transport equipment 30.2%, intermediate manufactured goods 25.5%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 20.9%, food and live animals 8.5% (1999)

Export Partners: Germany 33.4%, Italy 5.8%, France 5%, UK 4.8%, Czech Republic 4.4% (2003 est.)

Import Commodities: Machinery and transport equipment 38.2%, intermediate manufactured goods 20.8%, chemicals 14.3%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 9.5% (1999)

Import Partners: Germany 28.9%, Italy 8.1%, Russia 7.5%, France 7%, Netherlands 4.9% (2003 est.)

Natural Resources: Coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land

Public Television: Telewizja Polska (TVP)

Public Radio: Polish Radio


Countries of Europe - Facts and Information
Albania | Andorra | Austria | Belarus | Belgium | Bosnia-Herzegovina
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Faroe Islands | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Greenland
Hungary | Iceland | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein | Lithuania
Luxembourg | Macedonia | Malta | Moldova | Monaco | Netherlands
Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | San Marino
Serbia & Montenegro | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden
Switzerland | Turkey | Ukraine | United Kingdom | Vatican City



Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.


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Content copyright © 2014 by Lisa Shea. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Lisa Shea. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Nadine Shores for details.

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