Poland - Facts and Information
Long Name: Republic of Poland
Short Name (local): Polska
Long Name (local): Rzeczpospolita Polska
Member of European Union: Yes, 2004
International Dialing Code: +48
Capital City: Warsaw
National Tourist Office: Polish National Tourist Office
Foreign Embassies in Poland: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.
Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.
Nationality: Noun - Pole(s), Adjective - Polish
Government Type: Republic
Ethnic Groups: Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other 2.7% (2002)
Religions: Roman Catholic 95% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, and other 5%
Monetary Unit: 1 zloty = 100 groszy
Area: 312,685 sq km – slightly smaller than New Mexico
Climate: Temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers
Population: 38,626,349 (July 2004 est.)
Sex Ratio: 0.94 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Median Age: 36.2 years, male 34.3 years, female 38.2 years (2004 est.)
Life Expectancy: 74.16 years, male 70.04 years, female 78.52 years (2004 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 0.02% (2004 est.)
Net Migration Rate: -0.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Population Below Poverty Line: 18.4% (2000 est.)
Unemployment Rate: 20% (2003)
Gross National Income: US$5,270 (2003, World Bank)
Export Commodities: Machinery and transport equipment 30.2%, intermediate manufactured goods 25.5%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 20.9%, food and live animals 8.5% (1999)
Export Partners: Germany 33.4%, Italy 5.8%, France 5%, UK 4.8%, Czech Republic 4.4% (2003 est.)
Import Commodities: Machinery and transport equipment 38.2%, intermediate manufactured goods 20.8%, chemicals 14.3%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 9.5% (1999)
Import Partners: Germany 28.9%, Italy 8.1%, Russia 7.5%, France 7%, Netherlands 4.9% (2003 est.)
Natural Resources: Coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land
Public Television: Telewizja Polska (TVP)
Public Radio: Polish Radio
Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.
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