Member of European Union: No, candidate country
International Dialing Code: +40
Capital City: Bucharest
National Tourist Office: Romania Travel and Tourism
Foreign Embassies in Romania: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.
Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.
Nationality: Noun - Romanian(s), Adjective - Romanian
Government Type: Republic
Ethnic Groups: Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002)
Religions: Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 87%, Protestant 6.8%, Catholic 5.6%, other (mostly Muslim) 0.4%, unaffiliated 0.2% (2002)
Languages: Romanian (official), Hungarian, German
Monetary Unit: 1 leu = 100 bani
Area: 237,500 sq km – slightly smaller than Oregon
Climate: Temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms
Population: 22,355,551 (July 2004 est.)
Sex Ratio: 0.95 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Median Age: 36.1 years, male 34.7 years, female 37.5 years (2004 est.)
Life Expectancy: 71.12 years, male 67.63 years, female: 74.82 years (2004 est.)
Population Growth Rate: -0.11% (2004 est.)
Net Migration Rate: -0.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Population Below Poverty Line: 44.5% (2000)
Unemployment Rate: 7.2% (2003)
Gross National Income: US$2,310 (2003, World Bank)
Export Commodities: textiles and footwear, metals and metal products, machinery and equipment, minerals and fuels, chemicals, agricultural products
Export Partners: Italy 23.5%, Germany 15.5%, France 7.3%, UK 6.2%, Austria 4.4%, Turkey 4.3%, US 4.1% (2003 est.)
Import Commodities: machinery and equipment, fuels and minerals, chemicals, textile and products, basic metals, agricultural products
Import Partners: Italy 19.8%, Germany 17.5%, France 7.5%, Russia 7.1%, Austria 5.2% (2003 est.)
Natural Resources: Petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower
Public Television: TVR
Public Radio: Radio Romania
Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.