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Romania - Facts and Information

Guest Author - Lisa Shea

Name: Romania

Member of European Union: No, candidate country

International Dialing Code: +40

Capital City: Bucharest

National Tourist Office: Romania Travel and Tourism

Foreign Embassies in Romania: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.

Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.

Nationality: Noun - Romanian(s), Adjective - Romanian

Government Type: Republic

Ethnic Groups: Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002)

Religions: Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 87%, Protestant 6.8%, Catholic 5.6%, other (mostly Muslim) 0.4%, unaffiliated 0.2% (2002)

Languages: Romanian (official), Hungarian, German

Monetary Unit: 1 leu = 100 bani

Area: 237,500 sq km slightly smaller than Oregon

Climate: Temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms

Population: 22,355,551 (July 2004 est.)

Sex Ratio: 0.95 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Median Age: 36.1 years, male 34.7 years, female 37.5 years (2004 est.)

Life Expectancy: 71.12 years, male 67.63 years, female: 74.82 years (2004 est.)

Population Growth Rate: -0.11% (2004 est.)

Net Migration Rate: -0.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line: 44.5% (2000)

Unemployment Rate: 7.2% (2003)

Gross National Income: US$2,310 (2003, World Bank)

Export Commodities: textiles and footwear, metals and metal products, machinery and equipment, minerals and fuels, chemicals, agricultural products

Export Partners: Italy 23.5%, Germany 15.5%, France 7.3%, UK 6.2%, Austria 4.4%, Turkey 4.3%, US 4.1% (2003 est.)

Import Commodities: machinery and equipment, fuels and minerals, chemicals, textile and products, basic metals, agricultural products

Import Partners: Italy 19.8%, Germany 17.5%, France 7.5%, Russia 7.1%, Austria 5.2% (2003 est.)

Natural Resources: Petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower

Public Television: TVR

Public Radio: Radio Romania


Countries of Europe - Facts and Information
Albania | Andorra | Austria | Belarus | Belgium | Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia
Faroe Islands | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Greenland
Hungary | Iceland | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein | Lithuania
Luxembourg | Macedonia | Malta | Moldova | Monaco | Netherlands
Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | San Marino
Serbia & Montenegro | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden
Switzerland | Turkey | Ukraine | United Kingdom | Vatican City



Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.


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Content copyright © 2014 by Lisa Shea. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Lisa Shea. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact BellaOnline Administration for details.

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