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BellaOnline's European Travel Editor

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Italy - Facts and Information

Guest Author - Lisa Shea

Short Name: Italy

Long Name: Italian Republic

Short Name (local): Italia

Long Name (local): Repubblica Italiana

Member of European Union: Yes, 1957

International Dialing Code: +39

Capital City: Rome

National Tourist Office: Italian State Tourism Board, Italian Government Tourist Board (USA)

Foreign Embassies in Italy: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.

Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.

Nationality: Noun - Italian(s), Adjective - Italian

Government Type: Republic

Ethnic Groups: Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)

Religions: Predominately Roman Catholic with mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community

Languages: Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

Monetary Unit: 1 Euro = 100 cents

Area: 301,230 sq km - slightly larger than Arizona

Climate: Predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south

Population: 58,057,477 (July 2004 est.)

Sex Ratio: 0.96 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Median Age: 41.4 years, male 39.8 years, female 43 years (2004 est.)

Life Expectancy: 79.54 years, male 76.61 years, female 82.66 years (2004 est.)

Population Growth Rate: 0.09% (2004 est.)

Net Migration Rate: 2.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Unemployment Rate: 8.6% (2003 est.)

Gross National Income: US$21,560 (2003, World Bank)

Export Commodities: Engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; food, beverages and tobacco; minerals and nonferrous metals

Export Partners: Germany 13.8%, France 12.3%, US 8.5%, Spain 7%, UK 6.9% (2003 est.)

Import Commodities: Engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; food, beverages and tobacco

Import Partners: Germany 17.9%, France 11.2%, Netherlands 5.8%, Spain 4.8%, UK 4.7%, Belgium 4.3%, US 4% (2003 est.)

Natural Resources: Coal, mercury, zinc, potash, marble, barite, asbestos, pumice, fluorospar, feldspar, pyrite (sulfur), natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, arable land

Public Television: Rai

Public Radio: Rai


Countries of Europe - Facts and Information
Albania | Andorra | Austria | Belarus | Belgium | Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia
Faroe Islands | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Greenland
Hungary | Iceland | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein | Lithuania
Luxembourg | Macedonia | Malta | Moldova | Monaco | Netherlands
Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | San Marino
Serbia & Montenegro | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden
Switzerland | Turkey | Ukraine | United Kingdom | Vatican City



Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.


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Content copyright © 2014 by Lisa Shea. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Lisa Shea. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact BellaOnline Administration for details.

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