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Switzerland - Facts and Information

Guest Author - Lisa Shea

Short Name: Switzerland

Long Name: Swiss Confederation

Short Name (local): Schweiz (German), Suisse (French), Svizzera (Italian)

Long Name (local): Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German), Confederation Suisse (French), Confederazione Svizzera (Italian)

Member of European Union: No

International Dialing Code: +42

Capital City: Bern

National Tourist Office: Switzerland Tourism

Foreign Embassies in Switzerland: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.

Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.

Nationality: Noun - Swiss (singular and plural), Adjective - Swiss

Government Type: Federal Republic

Ethnic Groups: German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%

Religions: Roman Catholic 46.1%, Protestant 40%, other 5%, none 8.9% (1990)



Languages: German (official) 63.7%, French (official) 19.2%, Italian (official) 7.6%, Romansch (official) 0.6%, other 8.9%

Monetary Unit: 1 Swiss Franc = 100 Rappen

Area: 41,290 sq km - slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

Climate: Temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers

Population: 7,450,867 (July 2004 est.)

Sex Ratio: 0.97 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Median Age: 39.5 years, male 38.5 years, female 40.5 years (2004 est.)

Life Expectancy: 80.31 years, male 77.51 years, female 83.27 years (2004 est.)

Population Growth Rate: 0.54% (2004 est.)

Net Migration Rate: 4.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Unemployment Rate: 3.7% (2003 est.)

Gross National Income: US$39,880 (2003, World Bank)

Export Commodities: Machinery, chemicals, metals, watches, agricultural products

Export Partners: Germany 19.7%, US 10.1%, Italy 9.4%, France 8.9%, UK 5.9%, Austria 4.4% (2003 est.)

Import Commodities: Machinery, chemicals, vehicles, metals; agricultural products, textiles

Import Partners: Germany 27.5%, France 11.8%, Italy 10.6%, US 8.1%, Austria 4.6%, UK 4.4%, Russia 4.2%, Netherlands 4.2% (2003 est.)

Natural Resources: Hydropower potential, timber, salt


Countries of Europe - Facts and Information
Albania | Andorra | Austria | Belarus | Belgium | Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia
Faroe Islands | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Greenland
Hungary | Iceland | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein | Lithuania
Luxembourg | Macedonia | Malta | Moldova | Monaco | Netherlands
Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | San Marino
Serbia & Montenegro | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden
Switzerland | Turkey | Ukraine | United Kingdom | Vatican City



Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.


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Austria - Facts and Information
France - Facts and Information
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Content copyright © 2014 by Lisa Shea. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Lisa Shea. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Nadine Shores for details.

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